James M. Croop

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The multidrug-resistant P-glycoprotein (Pgp), a M(r) 170,000 plasma membrane protein encoded by the mammalian multidrug resistance gene (MDR1), appears to function as an energy-dependent efflux pump. Many of the drugs that interact with Pgp are lipophilic and cationic at physiological pH. We tested the hypothesis that the synthetic gamma-emitting(More)
The gene responsible for multidrug resistance (mdr), which encodes the P-glycoprotein, is a member of a multigene family. We have identified distinct mdr gene transcripts encoded by three separate mdr genes in the mouse. Expression levels of each mdr gene are dramatically different in various mouse tissues. Specific mdr RNA transcripts of approximately 4.5,(More)
The complete nucleotide and primary structure (1276 amino acids) of a full length mdr cDNA capable of conferring a complete multidrug-resistant phenotype is presented. The deduced amino acid sequence suggests that mdr is a membrane glycoprotein which includes six pairs of transmembrane domains and a cluster of potentially N-linked glycosylation sites near(More)
In an attempt to explore novel treatment modalities in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we studied the role of costimulatory and cytokine gene immunotherapy in murine AML. We have previously shown that leukemic mice can be cured with CD80 transfected leukemic cells (B7. 1-AML vaccine) administered early in the course of the disease and that the failure(More)
A survey of the expression of the multidrug-resistance gene (mdr) in mouse tissues revealed that a mdr mRNA species is expressed at extremely high levels in the gravid uterus. mdr mRNA expression levels increase dramatically during pregnancy compared to the relatively low levels of expression observed in the nongravid uterus. In situ hybridization(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster white gene is a member of the ABC transporter superfamily of ATPase transmembrane proteins and is involved in the cellular uptake of guanine and tryptophan. We have cloned and sequenced human and mouse homologs of white which share 55-58% amino acid similarity with the Drosophila protein. Northern analysis reveals that the(More)
P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance has emerged as one of the most attractive targets to improve anticancer therapy. The P-glycoprotein functions as an energy-dependent, membrane transport pump capable of decreasing the intracellular concentration of a broad range of chemotherapeutic agents. Pharmaceuticals which inhibit P-glycoprotein transport(More)
PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor receptor is expressed in pediatric malignant solid tumors. We conducted a phase I trial of gefitinib, an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in children with refractory solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Gefitinib (150, 300, 400, or 500 mg/m2) was administered orally to cohorts of three to six(More)