James M. Crawford

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Following a report of skeletal muscle regeneration from bone marrow cells, we investigated whether hepatocytes could also derive in vivo from bone marrow cells. A cohort of lethally irradiated B6D2F1 female mice received whole bone marrow transplants from age-matched male donors and were sacrificed at days 1, 3, 5, and 7 and months 2, 4, and 6(More)
The functional unit of an organ may be defined as the smallest, structurally distinct, ''self-sufficient'' unit that can independently subserve all known functions of that organ. The nephron is exemplary of such a concept, for it is both a well-defined functional and structural unit. A similar hepatic unit that can reconcile the dual vascular supply and the(More)
Small, extraportal, hepatic parenchymal cells, positive for biliary-type cytokeratins, may represent hepatic stem cells, canals of Hering (CoH), and/or ductal plate remnants. We evaluated these cells 3 dimensionally in normal human liver and massive necrosis. Tissues from normal human livers and from 1 liver with acetaminophen-induced massive necrosis were(More)
The work of liver stem cell biologists, largely carried out in rodent models, has now started to manifest in human investigations and applications. We can now recognize complex regenerative processes in tissue specimens that had only been suspected for decades, but we also struggle to describe what we see in human tissues in a way that takes into account(More)
OBJECTIVE To better understand the process by which pneumocytes can be derived from bone marrow cells, we investigated the in vivo kinetics of such engraftment following lethal irradiation. METHODS A cohort of lethally irradiated B6D2F1 female mice received whole bone marrow transplants (BMT) from age-matched male donors and were sacrificed at days 1, 3,(More)
First published September 5, 2001; 10.1152/ajpcell.00077.2001.-Protective mechanisms for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) against cell death caused by Clostridium difficile toxin, or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) plus D-galactosamine, were investigated in a murine hepatocyte cell line AML12 expressing Edg2 LPA receptor. In these models of(More)
Advances in optical designs are enabling the development of miniature microscopes that can examine tissue in situ for early anatomic and molecular indicators of disease, in real time, and at cellular resolution. These new devices will lead to major changes in how diseases are detected and managed, driving a shift from today's diagnostic paradigm of biopsy(More)
We studied the effects of sample freezing and thawing, laser uence, temperature, and oxygen on the ultraviolet resonance Raman (UVRR) spectra of human colon biopsies at 251 nm excitation. We show that the total adenylate content of the tissue decreases as a result of freezing and subsequent thawing to room temperature. We also show that photobleaching is(More)
Medical imaging is an invaluable tool for diagnosis, surgical guidance, and assessment of treatment efficacy. The Network for Translational Research (NTR) for Optical Imaging consists of four research groups working to "bridge the gap" between lab discovery and clinical use of fluorescence- and photoacoustic-based imaging devices used with imaging(More)
Normal rat bile contains secretory platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH), the enzyme capable of hydrolyzing the inflammatory mediator platelet-activating factor (PAF), and phospholipids containing oxidized truncated fatty acids. Because lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) possesses intrinsic PAF-AH-like activity, it also may represent(More)