James M. Brophy

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BACKGROUND Drug-eluting stents (DES) are associated with lower restenosis rates than bare-metal stents (BMS), but the benefits and safety of the new devices have not been systematically quantified across different trials. We undertook a meta-analysis of randomised trials comparing BMS and stents eluting sirolimus or paclitaxel. METHODS A systematic(More)
PURPOSE Congestive heart failure is an important cause of patient morbidity and mortality. Although several randomized clinical trials have compared beta-blockers with placebo for treatment of congestive heart failure, a meta-analysis quantifying the effect on mortality and morbidity has not been performed recently. DATA SOURCES The MEDLINE, Cochrane, and(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have examined the cardiovascular effects of omega-3 fatty acids and have provided unexplained conflicting results. A meta-analysis of these RCTs to estimate efficacy and safety and potential sources of heterogeneity may be helpful. METHODS The Cochrane library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were systematically(More)
BACKGROUND Anticoagulants and antiplatelet drugs (e.g., warfarin, clopidogrel and acetylsalicylic acid) are key therapeutic agents in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, drug-drug interactions may lead to a greatly increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding when these drugs are combined. We assessed whether antithrombotic drug combinations(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine if statins (hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors [HMG-CoA]), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) reduce cardiovascular (CV) events and pulmonary morbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. BACKGROUND Few current COPD(More)
Some authors argue that systematic reviews and meta-analyses of intervention studies should include only randomized controlled trials because the randomized controlled trial is a more valid study design for causal inference compared with the observational study design. However, a review of the principal elements underlying this claim (randomization removes(More)
Conventional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are associated with acute renal failure, but cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors have not been comparatively evaluated. The authors conducted a nested case-control study to assess the association between exposure to NSAIDs, including cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, and hospitalization for acute renal failure.(More)
BACKGROUND Testing to determine HER2 status has come into focus since the approval of trastuzumab (Herceptin) for the treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer. We compared the cost-effectiveness of various strategies used to test HER2 status, an important first step toward evaluating the overall cost-effectiveness of trastuzumab therapy. METHODS We(More)
The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) owing to diabetes has continued to increase despite the extensive use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to prevent diabetic nephropathy, primarily from evidence of short-term effectiveness. We assessed the long-term effect of ACE inhibitors on the risk of ESRD. We formed a population-based(More)
OBJECTIVES A mechanism to increase the influence of Health Technology Assessments (HTAs) on hospital policy decisions was developed. METHODS We describe the process and results of an experiment in which a local in-hospital HTA unit was created to provide sound evidence on technology acquisition issues, and to formulate locally appropriate policy(More)