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The foreign body reaction composed of macrophages and foreign body giant cells is the end-stage response of the inflammatory and wound healing responses following implantation of a medical device, prosthesis, or biomaterial. A brief, focused overview of events leading to the foreign body reaction is presented. The major focus of this review is on factors(More)
Select strains of Candida albicans switch reversibly and at extremely high frequency between a white and an opaque colony-forming phenotype, which has been referred to as the white-opaque transition. Cells in the white phase exhibit a cellular phenotype indistinguishable from that of most standard strains of C. albicans, but cells in the opaque phase(More)
Substrate specific cellular responses are the result of a complex biological system that includes protein adsorption, receptor-ligand binding, and signal transduction. This investigation attempted to identify specific proteins adsorbed from human serum that may be responsible for the previously reported in vitro surface dependent behavior of human(More)
PURPOSE Selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) with SIR-Spheres(R) is a new technique for selectively targeting high doses of radiation to tumours within the liver. The primary objectives of this randomised trial were to compare the response rate, time to progressive disease (PD), and toxicity of a regimen of systemic fluorouracil/leucovorin(More)
The implantation of artificial organs, medical devices, or biomaterials results in injury and initiation of the inflammatory response. This inflammatory response to implants has as its components acute inflammation, chronic inflammation, foreign body reaction with granulation tissue, and macrophage and foreign body giant cell interactions. The form and(More)
The aim of current study was to evaluate the effect of nano-apatitic particles (nAp) incorporation on the degradation characteristics and biocompatibility of poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)-based nanofibrous scaffolds. Composite PLGA/poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) blended (w/w = 3/1) polymeric electrospun scaffolds with 0-30 wt% of nAp incorporation (n0-n30)(More)
The elucidation of proteins involved in biomaterial-modulated macrophage behavior is critical for the improvement of material performance and the initial exploration of material design capable of manipulating macrophage function for tissue engineering. In this paper, several in vitro and in vivo techniques are presented to demonstrate means of delineating a(More)
A recirculating in vitro perfusion system was used to assess the effect of albumin precoating on the thrombogenicity of Dacron vascular grafts. A complete analysis of platelet activation was carried out, involving platelet count, release, adhesion and aggregation. Fibrin formation was assessed by measuring fibrinogen levels and fibrinopeptide A production;(More)
Over the past decade, significant advances and discoveries in cell and molecular biology and biomaterials have provided a foundation for the research and development of new, complex controlled release systems. Many of these new controlled release systems utilize active biological components, i.e., proteins and cells, to achieve their intended therapeutic(More)
Ecological and societal disruptions by modern climate change are critically determined by the time frame over which climates shift beyond historical analogues. Here we present a new index of the year when the projected mean climate of a given location moves to a state continuously outside the bounds of historical variability under alternative greenhouse gas(More)