Lynn Bedford8
Simon Paine6
R John Mayer6
Robert Layfield4
Lars Bö3
8Lynn Bedford
6Simon Paine
6R John Mayer
4Robert Layfield
3Lars Bö
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As a result of human-to-pig transmission, pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus was detected in pigs soon after it emerged in humans. In the United States, this transmission was quickly followed by multiple reassortment between the pandemic virus and endemic swine viruses. Nine reassortant viruses representing 7 genotypes were detected in commercial pig(More)
Ubiquitin-positive intraneuronal inclusions are a consistent feature of the major human neurodegenerative diseases, suggesting that dysfunction of the ubiquitin proteasome system is central to disease etiology. Research using inhibitors of the 20S proteasome to model Parkinson's disease is controversial. We report for the first time that specifically 26S(More)
BACKGROUND Dementia drug development aims to modulate pathological processes that cause clinical syndromes. Population data (epidemiological neuropathology) will help to model and predict the potential impact of such therapies on dementia burden in older people. Presently this can only be explored through post mortem findings. We report the attributable(More)
As in all other mammalian tissues, the UPS (ubiquitin-proteasome system) is fundamental to normal brain function. A consistent feature of the major human neurodegenerative disorders is the accumulation of disease-related proteins, in non-native conformations, as protein aggregates within neurons or glial cells. Often the proteins in these aggregates are(More)
After porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) was detected in the United States in 2013, we tested environmental samples from trailers in which pigs had been transported. PEDV was found in 5.2% of trailers not contaminated at arrival, , suggesting that the transport process is a source of transmission if adequate hygiene measures are not implemented.
Reliable model systems are needed to elucidate the role cancer stem cells (CSCs) play in pediatric brain tumor drug resistance. The majority of studies to date have focused on clinically distinct adult tumors and restricted tumor types. Here, the CSC component of 7 newly established primary pediatric cell lines (2 ependymomas, 2 medulloblastomas, 2 gliomas,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relative contributions of white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) volume loss to spinal cord atrophy in multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN Postmortem study of transverse sections obtained from 5 levels of the spinal cord, with measurement of the cross-sectional GM and WM areas. SETTING Department of Neuropathology, University of(More)
The extent and pattern of gray matter (GM) demyelination in the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis (MS) has not been examined in detail. Human autopsy material was obtained from 36 MS cases and 12 controls. Transverse sections were taken from five levels of the spinal cord (upper cervical, lower cervical, upper thoracic, lower thoracic and lumbar levels) and(More)
Intraneuronal inclusions containing ubiquitylated filamentous protein aggregates are a common feature of many of the major human neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Loss of function mutations in enzymes of the ubiquitin conjugation/deconjugation pathway are sufficient to cause familial forms of neurodegenerative(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed whether high-resolution 7 T MRI allowed direct in vivo visualization of nigrosomes, substructures of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) undergoing the greatest and earliest dopaminergic cell loss in Parkinson disease (PD), and whether any disease-specific changes could be detected in patients with PD. METHODS(More)