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Using comparable plant-level surveys we demonstrate significant differences between the determinants of export performance among UK and German manufacturing plants. Innovation, however, measured has a strong and systematic effect on the probability and propensity to export in both countries. The scale of plants' innovation activity is positively related to(More)
Electron microscopy of two-dimensional (2D) crystals has demonstrated potential for structure determination of membrane proteins. Technical limitations in large-scale crystallization screens have, however, prevented a major breakthrough in the routine application of this technology. Dialysis is generally used for detergent removal and reconstitution of the(More)
Recent developments in the new economic geography and the literature on regional innovation systems have emphasised the potentially important role of networking and the characteristics of firms' local operating environment in shaping their innovative activity. Modelling UK, German and Irish plants' investments in R&D, technology transfer and networking, and(More)
T he AIDS crisis has brought to public notice what has always been generally true—that the existing business model for drug development leads to high prices and unequal access. There is now widespread dissatisfaction with drug prices in both the developed (Families USA 2003) and developing world (Correa 2000). Governments and health insurers are fi nding(More)
Electron crystallography relies on electron cryomicroscopy of two-dimensional (2D) crystals and is particularly well suited for studying the structure of membrane proteins in their native lipid bilayer environment. To obtain 2D crystals from purified membrane proteins, the detergent in a protein-lipid-detergent ternary mixture must be removed, generally by(More)
Working Papers are produced in order to bring the results of research in progress to a wider audience and to facilitate discussion. They will normally be published in a revised form subsequently and the agreement of the authors should be obtained before referring to its contents in other published works. Abstract In this paper we explore the factors which(More)
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Over the years a large number of individuals have been involved in the collection of the dataset on which this paper is based. Particular thanks are due, however, to Nola Hewitt-Dundas (NIERC) and Julie Anderson (NIERC). Data collection was financed by the Royal Irish Academy and the Industrial Research and Technology Unit, Belfast. Staff(More)
The School comprises more than 70 academic staff organised into thematic research groups along with a Doctoral Programme of more than 50 research students. Research is carried out in all of the major areas of business studies and a number of specialist fields. For further information contact: Aston Business School Research Papers are published by the(More)
Cross-functional teams play a potentially important part in the innovation process enabling knowledge sharing, the development of trust and overcoming spatial and organizational barriers. Using a supermodularity approach, we focus on potential complementarities which may arise when cross-functional teams are used in different elements of the innovation(More)
Discussion of open innovation has typically stressed the benefits to the individual enterprise from boundary-spanning linkages and improved internal knowledge sharing. In this paper we explore the potential for wider benefits from openness in innovation and argue that openness may itself generate positive externalities by enabling improved knowledge(More)