James Lester Figarola

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Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a highly reactive dicarbonyl compound known to induce cellular injury and cytoxicity, including apoptosis in vascular cells. Vascular endothelial cell apoptosis has been implicated in the pathophysiology and progression of atherosclerosis. We investigated whether the advanced glycation end-product inhibitor LR-90 could prevent(More)
Ligation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) with their receptor (RAGE) plays an important role in the development of various diabetes complications, including atherosclerosis. Monocyte activation, adhesion, and migration are key events in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Previous studies showed that AGEs and S100b, a specific RAGE ligand, could(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic retinopathy is associated with accumulation of advanced glycation end products in the retinal microvasculature. LR-90 is an effective multistage inhibitor of advanced glycation with renoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. AIM To explore the role of LR-90 in the progression of experimental diabetic retinopathy. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The reactions of carbohydrate- or lipid-derived intermediates with proteins lead to the formation of Maillard reaction products, which subsequently leads to the formation of advanced glycation/lipoxidation end products (AGE/ALEs). Levels of AGE/ALEs are increased in diseases like diabetes. Unlike AGEs, very little is known about ALE effects in(More)
Advanced glycation and lipoxidation endproducts have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy. LR-90, a new advanced glycation endproduct inhibitor, was investigated for its effects on the development of renal disease in diabetic rats. Diabetic animals were randomly allocated into groups receiving LR-90(More)
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder caused by imbalance between energy intake and expenditure, and is one of the principal causative factors in the development of metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cancer. COH-SR4 ("SR4") is a novel investigational compound that has anti-cancer and anti-adipogenic properties. In this study, the effects of SR4 on metabolic(More)
Mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation produces most of the energy in aerobic cells by coupling respiration to the production of ATP. Mitochondrial uncouplers, which reduce the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane, create a futile cycle of nutrient oxidation without generating ATP. Regulation of mitochondrial dysfunction and associated(More)
Obesity is a chronic metabolic disorder caused by an imbalance between energy intake and expenditure. It is one of the principal causative factors involved in the development of metabolic syndrome and cancer. Inhibition of adipocyte differentiation has often been a target of anti-obesity strategies since obesity is caused not only by hypertrophy but also by(More)
The successful clinical management of lung cancer is limited by frequent loss-of-function mutations in p53 which cooperates with chronic oxidant-stress induced adaptations in mercapturic acid pathway (MAP) which in turn regulates critical intracellular signaling cascades that determine therapeutic refractoriness. Hence, we investigated the anti-cancer(More)
Feeding a Western high-fat diet (HFD) to C57BL/6 mice induces obesity, associated with a chronic inflammatory state, lipid transport, and metabolic derangements, and organ system effects that particularly prominent in the kidneys. Here, we report that RLIP76 homozygous knock-out (RLIP76(-/-)) mice are highly resistant to obesity as well as these other(More)