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Various chronic antidepressant treatments increase adult hippocampal neurogenesis, but the functional importance of this phenomenon remains unclear. Here, using genetic and radiological methods, we show that disrupting antidepressant-induced neurogenesis blocks behavioral responses to antidepressants. Serotonin 1A receptor null mice were insensitive to the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if the sensitization of the trigeminal system changes after dural activation of the trigeminal nerve during different stages of the rat estrous cycle. BACKGROUND The specific mechanisms through which ovarian hormones trigger menstrual migraine are currently unknown. Past animal studies have suggested that the response properties of(More)
Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) policies permit employees to use personal devices to access organizational information. Users gain convenience from the ability to work in geographically diverse locations, while organizations gain the benefit of increased productivity and reduced information technology expense. However, these symbiotic benefits come at a cost.(More)
  • Marinella G. Callow, Hoanh Tran, Lilian Phu, Ted Lau, James Lee, Wendy N. Sandoval +9 others
  • 2011
Canonical Wnt signaling is controlled intracellularly by the level of β-catenin protein, which is dependent on Axin scaffolding of a complex that phosphorylates β-catenin to target it for ubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation. This function of Axin is counteracted through relocalization of Axin protein to the Wnt receptor complex to allow for(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of novel cancer-causing genes is one of the main goals in cancer research. The rapid accumulation of genome-wide protein-protein interaction (PPI) data in humans has provided a new basis for studying the topological features of cancer genes in cellular networks. It is important to integrate multiple genomic data sources, including(More)
A computer-based sleep scoring algorithm was devised for the real time scoring of sleep-wake state in Wistar rats. Electroencephalogram (EEG) amplitude (microV(rms)) was measured in the following frequency bands: delta (delta; 1.5-6 Hz), theta (Theta; 6-10 Hz), alpha (alpha; 10.5-15 Hz), beta (beta; 22-30 Hz), and gamma (gamma; 35-45 Hz). Electromyographic(More)
During cell division, cells form the microtubule-based mitotic spindle, a highly specialized and dynamic structure that mediates proper chromosome transmission to daughter cells. Cancer cells can show perturbed mitotic spindles and an approach in cancer treatment has been to trigger cell killing by targeting microtubule dynamics or spindle assembly. To(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer may follow exposure to an environmental agent after many decades. The bacterium Helicobacter pylori, known to be acquired early in life, increases risk for gastric adenocarcinoma, but other factors are also important. In this study, we considered whether early-life family structure affects the risk of later developing gastric cancer among(More)