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Central catecholaminergic systems play an important role in the control of reproductive activities including sexual behavior, luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin secretion. It has been reported that catecholaminergic neurons in the locus coeruleus (A6) are activated by mating in rabbits and ferrets, animals known as reflex ovulators. This study used Fos(More)
The endogenous opioid peptides have been implicated in the control of the suckling-induced PRL rise during lactation. This study examined the role of the endogenous opioid peptides in suppressing tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neuronal activity during lactation. In the first experiment, lactating rats were constantly exposed to pups. Naloxone (NAL; 60(More)
The effects of experimentally produced hypoprolactinemia and hyperprolactinemia on tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA signal levels were examined in dopaminergic neurons ovariectomized rats. TH mRNA signal levels and relative TH quantity in the arcuate nuclei, zona incerta, and substantia nigra were evaluated by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry,(More)
Estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) interact to influence tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neuronal activity and contribute to the control of prolactin (PRL) release. This study examined tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA signal levels in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus and tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the stalk-median eminence after 1 week of steroid(More)
Previously we reported that 5 min after intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection, serotonin (5-HT, 2.5 micrograms) produced increases in blood pressure and decreases in heart rate in conscious rats that were blocked by LY 53857 (a selective 5-HT2/1C antagonist) and were sensitive to vasopressin antagonism. The present studies were performed to determine(More)
Using in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry, this study examined the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA signal levels and immunostaining in the arcuate nuclei of the hypothalamus, zona incerta and substantia nigra of male and female rats during neonatal, peripubertal and adult life. The catalytic activity of TH in the stalk-median eminence was also(More)
Endogenous opioids stimulate PRL release in the rat during proestrus, stress, and lactation. This study investigated the potential role of opioids in regulating the daily nocturnal PRL surges that occur during the first half of pregnancy. On day 8 of pregnancy, infusion of naloxone (NAL; 0.25, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/10 min), an opioid receptor antagonist, from(More)
Mechanisms underlying hormonal regulation of prolactin receptor (PRL-R) gene in the brain are unknown. The 5'-untranslated region of PRL-R mRNA in peripheral tissues contains at least three alternative first exons (1A, B, C) that are expressed as tissue-specific, suggesting the differential usage of PRL-R gene promoters. The present study aimed to(More)
A surge of prolactin (PRL) occurs in female rats during proestrus in response to elevated estradiol and progesterone levels. Dopamine is the primary hypothalamic inhibitor of PRL secretion from the pituitary. Using double-label immunocytochemistry, we investigated the pattern of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) immunoreactivity in dopaminergic neurons in(More)
In order to identify the distribution of prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) mRNA in the rat brain, we independently cloned cDNA of PrRP. Brains were removed from three adult males, and brains from three females each at 0200 and 1400 h on day 7 of pregnancy were obtained. By the nonradioactive in situ hybridization method, the location of PrRP mRNA was(More)