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Central catecholaminergic systems play an important role in the control of reproductive activities including sexual behavior, luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin secretion. It has been reported that catecholaminergic neurons in the locus coeruleus (A6) are activated by mating in rabbits and ferrets, animals known as reflex ovulators. This study used Fos(More)
PRL in the rat exerts its luteotropic action during the first half of pregnancy. After midpregnancy, placental lactogens (PLs) take the place of PRL to stimulate progesterone secretion from the corpus luteum. Simultaneously, PLs trigger a negative feedback on PRL secretion. However, the brain mechanisms for the negative feedback induced by PLs are not fully(More)
The endogenous opioid peptides have been implicated in the control of the suckling-induced PRL rise during lactation. This study examined the role of the endogenous opioid peptides in suppressing tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neuronal activity during lactation. In the first experiment, lactating rats were constantly exposed to pups. Naloxone (NAL; 60(More)
Estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) interact to influence tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic neuronal activity and contribute to the control of prolactin (PRL) release. This study examined tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA signal levels in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus and tyrosine hydroxylase activity in the stalk-median eminence after 1 week of steroid(More)
The effects of experimentally produced hypoprolactinemia and hyperprolactinemia on tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA signal levels were examined in dopaminergic neurons ovariectomized rats. TH mRNA signal levels and relative TH quantity in the arcuate nuclei, zona incerta, and substantia nigra were evaluated by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry,(More)
Previously we reported that 5 min after intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection, serotonin (5-HT, 2.5 micrograms) produced increases in blood pressure and decreases in heart rate in conscious rats that were blocked by LY 53857 (a selective 5-HT2/1C antagonist) and were sensitive to vasopressin antagonism. The present studies were performed to determine(More)
Using in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry, this study examined the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA signal levels and immunostaining in the arcuate nuclei of the hypothalamus, zona incerta and substantia nigra of male and female rats during neonatal, peripubertal and adult life. The catalytic activity of TH in the stalk-median eminence was also(More)
Mechanisms underlying hormonal regulation of prolactin receptor (PRL-R) gene in the brain are unknown. The 5'-untranslated region of PRL-R mRNA in peripheral tissues contains at least three alternative first exons (1A, B, C) that are expressed as tissue-specific, suggesting the differential usage of PRL-R gene promoters. The present study aimed to(More)
Endogenous opioids stimulate PRL release in the rat during proestrus, stress, and lactation. This study investigated the potential role of opioids in regulating the daily nocturnal PRL surges that occur during the first half of pregnancy. On day 8 of pregnancy, infusion of naloxone (NAL; 0.25, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/10 min), an opioid receptor antagonist, from(More)
A surge of prolactin (PRL) occurs in female rats during proestrus in response to elevated estradiol and progesterone levels. Dopamine is the primary hypothalamic inhibitor of PRL secretion from the pituitary. Using double-label immunocytochemistry, we investigated the pattern of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) immunoreactivity in dopaminergic neurons in(More)