James L. Tangorra

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The vestibular system has often been studied by perturbing the position of the head. This study was conducted to identify the dynamic properties of the head-neck system in response to horizontal plane perturbations. A quasilinear approach was used to quantify the dynamics of the head-neck system at different levels of static torque. An operating point was(More)
A biorobotic pectoral fin was developed and used to study how the flexural rigidities of fin rays within a highly deformable fish fin affect the fin's propulsive forces. The design of the biorobotic fin was based on a detailed analysis of the pectoral fin of the bluegill sunfish (Lepomis macrochirus). The biorobotic fin was made to execute the kinematics(More)
We designed a robotic fish caudal fin with six individually moveable fin rays based on the tail of the bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus. Previous fish robotic tail designs have loosely resembled the caudal fin of fishes, but have not incorporated key biomechanical components such as fin rays that can be controlled to generate complex tail conformations(More)
—A series of biorobotic fins has been developed based on the pectoral fin of the bluegill sunfish. These robotic fins model physical properties of the biological fin, and execute kinematics derived from sunfish motions that were identified to be most responsible for thrust. When the physical properties of the robotic fin are tuned appropriately to operating(More)
— A comprehensive understanding of the ways in which fish create and control forces is fundamental to engineering underwater vehicles that maneuver with the agility of fish. In this study the sunfish was selected as a biological model from which to understand pectoral fin motions and forces during hover. The kinematic patterns of the biological fin were(More)
As robots become more involved in underwater operations, understanding underwater contact sensing with compliant systems is fundamental to engineering useful haptic interfaces and vehicles. Despite knowledge of contact sensation in air, little is known about contact sensing underwater and the impact of fluid on both the robotic probe and the target object.(More)
Engineered robotic fins have adapted principles of propulsion from bony-finned fish, using spatially-varying compliance and complex kinematics to produce and control the fin's propulsive force through time. While methods of force production are well understood, few models exist to predict the propulsive forces of a compliant, high degree of freedom, robotic(More)