James L Stafford

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Three novel and closely related leukocyte immune-type receptors (IpLITR) have been identified in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). These receptors belong to a large polymorphic and polygenic subset of the Ig superfamily with members located on at least three independently segregating loci. Like mammalian and avian innate immune regulatory receptors,(More)
Two CD4-like (CD4L) molecules have been identified in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Although phylogenetically related to other vertebrate CD4 molecules, they exhibit only 19% amino acid identity to each other. IpCD4L-1 encodes a predicted protein containing four immunoglobulin domains, a transmembrane region and a cytoplasmic tail containing a(More)
The recent identification of a large and diverse family of leukocyte immune-type receptors (IpLITRs) in channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) indicates that immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) members related to both mammalian Fc receptors (FcRs) and leukocyte receptor complex (LRC)-encoded proteins exist in fish. In the present study, it was found that(More)
Channel catfish leukocyte immune-type receptors (IpLITRs) are immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) members believed to play a role in the control and coordination of cellular immune responses. Some IpLITR-types encode a transmembrane (TM) region containing a single positive charged lysine (K) residue, which is a key feature of stimulatory immune receptors that(More)
We have previously demonstrated that a non-cytokine serum protein called transferrin was a primary activating molecule of the goldfish (Carassius auratus) macrophage antimicrobial response. The ability of the enzymatically cleaved forms of this protein to modulate fish macrophage function is novel and may represent a primitive and evolutionary conserved(More)
An FcR homolog (IpFcRI), representing the first such receptor from an ectothermic vertebrate, has been identified in the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Mining of the catfish expressed sequence tag databases using mammalian FcR sequences for CD16, CD32, and CD64 resulted in the identification of a teleost Ig-binding receptor. IpFcRI is encoded by a(More)
An expressed sequence tag screen of a macrophage activation factor and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated goldfish macrophage subtractive library generated several transcripts of a putative teleost homologue of the toll-like receptor (TLR) family. The full-length TLR cDNA was sequenced and is predicted to encode a type I transmembrane protein with an(More)
Channel catfish leukocyte immune-type receptors (IpLITRs) are immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) members believed to play a role in the control and coordination of cellular immune responses in teleost. Putative stimulatory and inhibitory IpLITRs are co-expressed by different types of catfish immune cells (e.g. NK cells, T cells, B cells, and macrophages) but(More)
Phagocytosis is a primitive defense mechanism in all multicellular animals. Phagocytes such as macrophages and neutrophils play an important role in limiting the dissemination of infectious agents, and are responsible for the eventual destruction of phagocytosed pathogens. These cells have evolved elaborate killing mechanisms for destroying pathogens. In(More)
Macrophages are immune cells that play a pivotal role in the detection and elimination of pathogenic microorganisms. Macrophages possess a variety of surface receptors devoted to the recognition of non-self by discriminating between host and pathogen-derived structures. Recognition of foreign microorganisms by the macrophage ultimately results in(More)