James L Snable

Learn More
Primary (azurophil) granules of neutrophils contain proteins which play a major role in the killing and digestion of bacteria in the phagolysosome. We have isolated and characterized a novel antimicrobial peptide from the azurophil granule fraction of discontinuous Percoll gradients. We have named this peptide human neutrophil peptide 4 (HNP-4) based on its(More)
We have previously shown that human bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) is able to inhibit serum-dependent lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated activation of human monocytes and neutrophils in vitro, and to counteract the lethal effects of LPS challenge in vivo. Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP) is a serum protein which participates in(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the endotoxin-binding and -neutralizing properties of bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein, the human monoclonal antiendotoxin antibody HA-1A, and the murine antiendotoxin antibody E5. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled laboratory study. SETTING Biotechnology company research laboratory. SUBJECTS Female(More)
Much of the tissue damage associated with emphysema and other inflammatory diseases has been attributed to the proteolytic activity of neutrophil elastase, a major component of the azurophil granule. Recently, two additional azurophil granule proteins with NH2-terminal sequence homology to elastase were isolated (Gabay, J. E., Scott, R. W., Campanelli, D.,(More)
Neutrophil granules contain proteins important in host defense against bacterial pathogens. Granule proteins released from activated neutrophils facilitate opsonization, phagocytosis, tissue digestion, and antimicrobial activity. Three similar, if not identical, neutrophil proteins, bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), 57,000 m.w. cationic(More)
Systemic release of endotoxin (LPS) after Gram-negative infection initiates a cascade of host cytokines that are thought to be the direct cause of shock, multisystem organ failure, and death. Endogenous LPS-binding proteins may play a role in regulating LPS toxicity in vivo. The human neutrophil granule protein bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein(More)
Reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) is widely recognized to be the gold standard method for quantifying gene expression. Studies using RT-PCR technology as a discovery tool have historically been limited to relatively small gene sets compared to other gene expression platforms such as microarrays. We have recently shown that TaqMan® RT-PCR can be scaled up(More)
The cDNA for the highly toxic eosinophil granule major basic protein (MBP) encodes a 25-kDa acidic precursor (proMBP) that is processed to form the 14-kDa mature MBP. To characterize the biochemical and biological properties of proMBP, and compare these to the known properties of MBP, we expressed recombinant proMBP in Chinese hamster ovary cells and(More)
Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) is a natural constituent of human neutrophils. Recombinant BPI has been shown to bind to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and to neutralize the ability of LPS to stimulate inflammatory cells in vitro and in vivo. BPI shares sequence homology and immunocrossreactivity with another endogenous LPS binding(More)
  • 1