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We have studied the effects of the potassium-blocking agent 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on the action potential and membrane currents of the sheep cardiac Purkinje fiber. 4-AP slowed the rate of phase 1 repolarization and shifted the plateau of the action potential to less negative potentials. In the presence of 4-AP, the substitution of sodium methylsulfate or(More)
The rapid repolarization during phase 1 of the action potential of sheep cardiac purkinje fibers has been attributed to a time- and voltage-dependent chloride current. In part, this conclusion was based on experiments that showed a substantial slowing of phase 1 when larger, presumably impermeant, anions were substituted for chloride in tyrode's solution.(More)
Cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent chloride channels modulate changes in resting membrane potential and action potential duration in response to autonomic stimulation in heart. A growing body of evidence suggests that there are marked similarities in the properties of the cAMP-dependent chloride channels in heart and cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR)(More)
Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are arachidonic acid metabolites of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, which are released from endothelial cells and dilate arteries. Dilation seems to be caused by activation of large-conductance Ca2+ activated K+ channels (BK(Ca)) leading to membrane hyperpolarization. Previous studies suggest that EETs activate BK(Ca)(More)
This paper describes a theory of the kinetic analysis of patch-clamp data. We assume that channel gating is a Markov process that can be described by a model consisting of n kinetic states and n(n - 1) rate constants at each voltage, and that patch-clamp data describe the occupancy of x different conductance levels over time. In general, all the kinetic(More)
To test whether ryanodine blocks the release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in cardiac muscle, we examined its effects on the aftercontractions and transient depolarizations or transient inward currents developed by guinea pig papillary muscles and voltage-clamped calf cardiac Purkinje fibers in potassium-free solutions. Ryanodine (0.1-1.0(More)
To define the roles of the alpha- and beta-ryanodine receptor (RyR) (sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release channel) isoforms expressed in chicken skeletal muscles, we investigated the ion channel properties of these proteins in lipid bilayers. alpha- and beta RyRs embody Ca2+ channels with similar conductances (792, 453, and 118 pS for K+, Cs+ and Ca2+) and(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) has powerful modulatory actions on cardiovascular function that are mediated by specific receptors located on neurons within the hypothalamus and brain stem. Incubation of neuronal cocultures of rat hypothalamus and brain stem with Ang II elicits an Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptor-mediated inhibition of total outward K+ current that(More)
In voltage clamp studies of cardiac Purkinje fibers, a large early outward current is consistently observed during depolarizations to voltages more positive than -20 mV. After the outward peak of the current, the total membrane current declines slowly. Dudel et al. (1967. Pfluegers Arch. Eur. J. Physiol. 294:197--212) reduced the extracellular chloride(More)
1. Located within the gastrointestinal (GI) musculature are networks of cells known as interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). ICC are associated with several functions including pacemaker activity that generates electrical slow waves and neurotransmission regulating GI motility. In this study we identified a voltage-dependent K(+) channel (Kv1.1) expressed in(More)