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Most psychiatric disorders are moderately to highly heritable. The degree to which genetic variation is unique to individual disorders or shared across disorders is unclear. To examine shared genetic etiology, we use genome-wide genotype data from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) for cases and controls in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major(More)
In healthy adult individuals, late life is a dynamic time of change with respect to the microstructural integrity of white matter tracts. Yet, elderly individuals are generally excluded from diffusion tensor imaging studies in schizophrenia. Therefore, we examined microstructural integrity of frontotemporal and interhemispheric white matter tracts in(More)
  • Caroline A Davis, Robert D Levitan, Caroline Reid, Jacqueline C Carter, Allan S Kaplan, Karen A Patte +3 others
  • 2009
Obesity research suffers from an overinclusion paradigm whereby all participants with a BMI beyond a certain cutoff value (e.g., 30) are typically combined in a single group and compared to those of normal weight. There has been little attempt to identify meaningful subgroups defined by their salient biobehavioral differences. In order to address this(More)
CONTEXT The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphism may predict the risk of Alzheimer disease (AD). However, genetic association studies of the BDNF gene with AD have produced equivocal results. Imaging-genetics strategies may clarify the manner in which BDNF gene variation predicts the risk of AD via characterization of its(More)
RATIONALE Recent investigation suggests that a reversible glutamatergically mediated thalamocortical-striatal dysfunction may serve as a reliable pathophysiological and treatment response marker for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We postulated that N-methyl- d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors were involved in OCD, and specifically that polymorphisms in the(More)
  • Paul Daniel Arnold, Frank P Macmaster, Margaret A Richter, Gregory L Hanna, Tricia Sicard, Eliza Burroughs +5 others
  • 2009
In this preliminary study, 16 psychotropic-naïve pediatric patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) were studied using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and genotyped for six candidate polymorphisms in two glutamate system genes. A significant association was identified between the rs1019385 polymorphism of the glutamate receptor, ionotropic,(More)
Understanding the genetic basis of schizophrenia continues to be major challenge. The research done during the last two decades has provided several candidate genes which unfortunately have not been consistently replicated across or within a population. The recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and copy number variation (CNV) studies have provided(More)
A number of linkage studies have previously implicated the region of chromosome 13q34 in schizophrenia. Chumakov and colleagues (2002) identified a gene complex called G72 (now termed D-amino acid oxidase activator: DAOA)/G30 in this region and performed association analyses of the DAOA/G30 as well as the D-amino-acid oxidase (DAAO) gene with schizophrenia.(More)
  • Jillian M Couto, Lissette Gomez, Karen Wigg, Abel Ickowicz, Tejaswee Pathare, Molly Malone +3 others
  • 2009
BACKGROUND Reading disabilities (RD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity/disorder (ADHD) are two common childhood disorders that co-occur by chance more often than expected. Twin studies and overlapping genetic linkage findings indicate that shared genetic factors partially contribute to this comorbidity. Linkage of ADHD to 6p, an identified RD candidate(More)
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a side-effect of chronic antipsychotic medication. Abnormalities in dopaminergic activity in the nigrostriatal system have been most often suggested to be involved because the agents which cause TD share in common potent antagonism of dopamine D2 receptors (DRD2), that notably is not balanced by effects such as more potent(More)