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We undertook two studies to determine the validity and reliability of the revised Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ-2). In Study 1, 201 female athletes (mean age 16.4 years) were administered the initial version of the PMCSQ-2 and a measure of reported tension and pressure experienced in sport. Exploratory principal component(More)
The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire (TEOSQ; Duda, 1989; Duda & Nicholls, 1992) was designed to assess individual differences in the proneness for task and ego involvement in athletic settings. The purpose of this study was to independently and simultaneously test the measurement model assumed to underlie the TEOSQ across intercollegiate(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the social psychological components of Personal Investment Theory and exercise behaviors among 47 middle-aged and older men and women participating in an organized exercise program. Specifically, the degree to which personal incentives for exercise, perceptions of sense of self (i.e.,(More)
Nicholls's theory of achievement motivation (1989) assumes one's goal orientation in an achievement activity is consistent with one's views concerning what is acceptable behavior in that setting. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of a task and ego goal orientation (i.e., the tendency to focus on personal mastery or beating others,(More)
In this study, the authors identify differences in barriers to exercise among high school students (n = 236) according to gender and self-reported levels of physical activity. Major barriers to exercise were "time constraints," "unsuitable weather," "school and schoolwork," and "lack of interest or desire." Univariate ANOVAs revealed adolescent males had(More)
This study examined the relationships among task and ego orientation, expectations for success, and multidimensional state anxiety in a competitive sport situation. Subjects (N = 107) enrolled in a tennis skills class were gender- and ability-matched and asked to play an eight game pro-set. One week prior to the match goal orientations were assessed.(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between the psychosocial components of Personal Investment Theory and exercise behavior among 237 adolescents. Specifically, the adolescents' personal incentives for exercise, perceptions of sense of self, and perceived options for exercise were examined as predictors of physical activity(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the factor structure and internal reliability of the Parent-initiated Motivational Climate Questionnaire among 112 boys and 98 girls, young adolescents, and older adolescents. The questionnaire had a meaningful 3-factor structure and showed acceptable internal reliability. There was a significant difference between(More)
Violent and aggressive behaviours have become common in a large variety of sport. The antecedents and consequences of such behaviours are outlined in the position statement issued by the International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP). The ISSP recommends several actions be taken to minimize such acts in sport and encourages education of young athletes in(More)