Learn More
Many fish rely on sounds for communication, yet the peripheral structures containing the hair cells are simple, without the morphological specializations that facilitate frequency analysis in the mammalian cochlea. Despite this, neurons in the midbrain of sound-producing fish (Pollimyrus) have complex receptive fields, extracting features from courtship(More)
Simulating neural tissue requires the construction of models of the anatomical structure and physiological function of neural microcircuitry. The Blue Brain Project is simulating the microcircuitry of a neocortical column with very high structural and physiological precision. This paper describes how we model anatomical structure by identifying, tabulating,(More)
In this paper, we present a novel network to separate mixtures of inputs that have been previously learned. A significant capability of the network is that it segments the components of each input object that most contribute to its classification. The network consists of amplitude-phase units that can synchronize their dynamics, so that separation is(More)
We show that the local spike timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) rule has the effect of regulating the trans-synaptic weights of loops of any length within a simulated network of neurons. We show that depending on STDP's polarity, functional loops are formed or eliminated in networks driven to normal spiking conditions by random, partially correlated inputs,(More)
Neural tissue simulation extends requirements and constraints of previous neuronal and neural circuit simulation methods, creating a tissue coordinate system. We have developed a novel tissue volume decomposition, and a hybrid branched cable equation solver. The decomposition divides the simulation into regular tissue blocks and distributes them on a(More)
Dendritic morphology constrains brain activity, as it determines first which neuronal circuits are possible and second which dendritic computations can be performed over a neuron's inputs. It is known that a range of chemical cues can influence the final shape of dendrites during development. Here, we investigate the extent to which self-referential(More)
We present a modelling framework for cortical processing aimed at understanding how, maintaining biological plausibility, neural network models can: (a) approximate general inference algorithms like belief propagation, combining bottom-up and top-down information, (b) solve Rosenblatt's classical superposition problem, which we link to the binding problem,(More)
This paper describes the Large-scale Edge Node Simulator, a problem solving environment for the implementation of large scale models of neural systems. This work was motivated by the absence of adequate modeling tools for this domain. The object-oriented Large-scale Edge Node Simulator was developed after a rigorous requirements analysis for this class of(More)