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Neuroligins (NL) are postsynaptic cell adhesion molecules that are thought to specify synapse properties. Previous studies showed that mutant mice carrying an autism-associated point mutation in NL3 exhibit social interaction deficits, enhanced inhibitory synaptic function and increased staining of inhibitory synaptic puncta without changes in overall(More)
Low concentrations of beta-lactam antibiotics caused an increased uptake of radioactive glucosamine into the sodium dodecyl sulfate-insoluble peptidoglycan of growing Neisseria gonorrhoeae. There was no appreciable change in the (small) amount of sodium dodecyl sulfate-soluble polymer present in the cultures. The sodium dodecyl sulfate-insoluble product in(More)
Peptidoglycan from Neisseria gonorrhoeae RD5 was completely degraded by hen egg white lysozyme and was not extensively O-acetylated. In contrast, peptidoglycans from gonococcal strains FA19 and FA102 (a penicillin-resistant mutant derived from FA19), were markedly resistant to digestion by hen egg white lysozyme and were extensively O-acetylated.
Recently, Branson and coworkers reported a strong association between binge-eating disorder (BED) and variants in the melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R). In the current study, we compared the eating behavior of 43 obese probands with functionally relevant MC4R mutations and of 35 polymorphism carriers (V103I or I251L) with wild-type carriers. The module(More)
Muramidase digests of alkali-treated SDS-insoluble peptidoglycan from two strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae were examined. Both strains contained disaccharide peptide monomers that had intramolecular 1,6-anhydro-muramyl ends. In contrast to strain 1L260, in which 50% of the monomer fraction is O-acetylated, the monomer fraction from strain RD5 was completely(More)
extant limpet. In addition, bivalves also acquired a novel structure , adducter muscle to close the separated shell plate. Because the two novel structures, the separated shell plate and the adduc-ter muscle appear early embryonic stage, their evolution should be understood as a modification of early development. To understand the evolution of bivalve(More)
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