James Kaufman

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Concentrations of the phosphate-regulating hormone fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) are elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but whether higher plasma FGF-23 concentrations associate with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, or initiation of chronic dialysis is not completely understood. Here, we measured FGF-23 concentration(More)
CONTEXT High plasma homocysteine levels are a risk factor for mortality and vascular disease in observational studies of patients with chronic kidney disease. Folic acid and B vitamins decrease homocysteine levels in this population but whether they lower mortality is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine whether high doses of folic acid and B vitamins(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common among the elderly. However, little is known about how the clinical implications of CKD vary with age. We examined the age-specific incidence of death, treated end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) among 209,622 US veterans with CKD stages 3 to 5 followed for a mean of(More)
Recent reports have described an apparent epidemic of CKD along the Pacific coast of Central America, such that CKD is a leading cause of death among working-age men in lower-altitude agricultural communities in this region. Given the limited availability of kidney replacement therapies in this region, CKD often is a terminal diagnosis, lending greater(More)
The dramatic growth of computer networks creates both an opportunity and a daunting distributed computing problem for users seeking to build applications that can configure themselves and adapt as disruptions occur. The problem is that data often resides on large numbers of devices and evolves rapidly. Systems that collect data at a single location scale(More)
CONTEXT The arteriovenous fistula is the preferred type of vascular access for hemodialysis because of lower thrombosis and infection rates and lower health care expenditures compared with synthetic grafts or central venous catheters. Early failure of fistulas due to thrombosis or inadequate maturation is a barrier to increasing the prevalence of fistulas(More)
BACKGROUND Arteriovenous graft stenosis leading to thrombosis is a major cause of complications in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Procedural interventions may restore patency but are costly. Although there is no proven pharmacologic therapy, dipyridamole may be promising because of its known vascular antiproliferative activity. METHODS We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Anemia is a frequent complication of end-stage renal disease. Poor responsiveness to epoetin therapy hampers the management of anemia. Escalating epoetin doses often are used to overcome epoetin resistance. The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between epoetin dose requirements and mortality. METHODS Using United States(More)
BACKGROUND Northwestern Nicaragua has a high prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown cause among young adult men. In addition, frequent occurrence of urinary tract infections (UTI) among men and a dysuria syndrome described by sugarcane workers as "chistata" are both reported. This study examines health professionals´ perceptions regarding(More)
Thrombosis of hemodialysis vascular access grafts represents a major medical and economic burden. Experimental and clinical models suggest a role for antiplatelet agents in the prevention of thrombosis. The study was designed to determine the efficacy of the combination of aspirin and clopidogrel in the prevention of graft thrombosis. The study was a(More)