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A fundamental challenge in developmental biology is to elucidate the regulatory events that trigger cellular differentiation. Sporulation in the Gram-positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis serves as a simple experimental model system to address this challenge. The hallmark of sporulation is the formation of an asymmetrically positioned septum that divides the(More)
Spatial control of proteolysis is emerging as a common feature of regulatory networks in bacteria. In the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus subtilis, the peptidase ClpP can associate with any of three ATPases: ClpC, ClpE, and ClpX. Here, we report that ClpCP, ClpEP, and ClpXP localize in foci often near the poles of growing cells and that ClpP and the ATPase(More)
Levels of expression of two subunits of the liver branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase complex in response to extremes of dietary protein intake (50% versus 0% protein diet) were determined by quantitative immunoblotting. Dietary protein deficiency decreased the amount of E1 alpha protein to a greater extent than E2 protein. The ratio of E1 alpha to(More)
This paper presents a new Kalman filter form—the sigmaRho filter—useful for operational implementation in applications where stability and throughput requirements stress traditional implementations. The new mechanization has the benefits of square root filters in both promoting stability and reducing dynamic range of propagated terms. State standard(More)
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