James K. Moran

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Aggressive behavior is thought to divide into two motivational elements: The first being a self-defensively motivated aggression against threat and a second, hedonically motivated "appetitive" aggression. Appetitive aggression is the less understood of the two, often only researched within abnormal psychology. Our approach is to understand it as a universal(More)
BACKGROUND Recent field research has demonstrated that an attraction to aggressive behavior and cruelty is common among combatants and perpetrators involved in organized violence. The biological basis of this appetitive perception of aggression in humans has to date not been studied. AIMS We examined testosterone as a potential hormonal moderator during(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic stress leads to functional reorganization in the brain and may trigger an alarm response. However, when the traumatic event produces severe helplessness, the predominant peri-traumatic response may instead be marked by a dissociative shutdown reaction. The neural correlates of this dissociative shutdown were investigated by presenting(More)
und Karl Radtke! Euer kurzes Überfliegen noch wachsender oder konzentriertes Korrekturle-sen (immer wieder erneut) finaler Teile dieser Arbeit haben die (für eine solche Arbeit übli-chen) Aufs und Abs verringert. Euch allen sowie Abstract VI Abstract Functional neurological symptoms (FNS), such as paralysis and numbness, are symptoms of apparent(More)
It has been postulated that the violent behavior that characterizes armed conflict is reinforced by the possibility of receiving rewards. The present study examined the potential influence of two types of rewards in an ongoing setting of conflict: extrinsic and intrinsic rewards. Former combatants active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (N = 198)(More)
The scent of blood is potentially one of the most fundamental and survival-relevant olfactory cues in humans. This experiment tests the first human parameters of perceptual threshold and emotional ratings in men and women of an artificially simulated smell of fresh blood in contact with the skin. We hypothesize that this scent of blood, with its association(More)
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