James K. Mahood

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Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional spinal deformity. Brace treatment is a common non-surgical treatment, intended to prevent progression (worsening) of the condition during adolescence. Estimating a braced patient’s risk of progression is an essential part of planning treatment, so method for predicting this risk would be a useful(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) can be used to condition post-activation depression of the H-reflex and simultaneously monitor the integrity of spinal motor pathways during spinal deformity correction surgery. METHODS In 20 pediatric patients undergoing corrective surgery for spinal deformity,(More)
Objective Ionizing radiation exposure is a concern for children with scoliosis. A pilot study demonstrated that a proxy Cobb angle can be obtained from spinal ultrasound (US) images. The objective was to evaluate the reliability and comparison to radiographic Cobb angle of the coronal curvatures measurements from the US images on AIS patients. Methods Forty(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy is a progressive condition in which movement is gradually lost as a result of the loss of spinal motor neurons. Individuals with this condition may require surgical correction of a secondary scoliosis. Motor evoked potentials were recorded using transcranial electrical stimulation in four such individuals undergoing surgery. All the(More)
There is considerable controversy regarding the effectiveness of orthotic treatment for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Most researchers believe that, to be effective, the orthosis must be worn as prescribed for both compliance and tightness. Compliance is the time the brace is worn relative to the prescribed time. A battery-powered(More)
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