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Can phase separation be induced by strong electron correlations? We present a theorem that affirmatively answers this question in the Falicov-Kimball model away from half filling, for any dimension. In the ground state the itinerant electrons are spatially separated from the classical particles.

The Falicov-Kimball model is a simple quantum lattice model that describes light and heavy electrons interacting with an on-site repulsion; alternatively, it is a model of itinerant electrons and fixed nuclei. It can be seen as a simplification of the Hubbard model; by neglecting the kinetic (hopping) energy of the spin up particles, one gets the… (More)

The observation of charge stripe order in the doped nickelate and cuprate materials has motivated much theoretical effort to understand the underlying mechanism of the stripe phase. Numerical studies of the Hubbard model show two possibilities: (i) stripe order arises from a tendency toward phase separation and its competition with the long-range Coulomb… (More)

- Joseph W Britton, Brian C Sawyer, Adam C Keith, C-C Joseph Wang, James K Freericks, Hermann Uys +2 others
- Nature
- 2012

The presence of long-range quantum spin correlations underlies a variety of physical phenomena in condensed-matter systems, potentially including high-temperature superconductivity. However, many properties of exotic, strongly correlated spin systems, such as spin liquids, have proved difficult to study, in part because calculations involving N-body… (More)

- K Kim, M-S Chang, S Korenblit, R Islam, E E Edwards, J K Freericks +3 others
- Nature
- 2010

A network is frustrated when competing interactions between nodes prevent each bond from being satisfied. This compromise is central to the behaviour of many complex systems, from social and neural networks to protein folding and magnetism. Frustrated networks have highly degenerate ground states, with excess entropy and disorder even at zero temperature.… (More)

- R Islam, E E Edwards, K Kim, S Korenblit, C Noh, H Carmichael +5 others
- Nature communications
- 2011

A quantum simulator is a well-controlled quantum system that can follow the evolution of a prescribed model whose behaviour may be difficult to determine. A good example is the simulation of a set of interacting spins, where phase transitions between various spin orders can underlie poorly understood concepts such as spin liquids. Here we simulate the… (More)

Linear Paul traps have been used recently to simulate the transverse-field Ising model with long-range spin-spin couplings. We study the intrinsic effects of phonon creation (from the initial phonon ground state) on the spin-state probability and spin entanglement for such quantum spin simulators. While it has often been assumed that phonon effects are… (More)

- R Islam, C Senko, W C Campbell, S Korenblit, J Smith, A Lee +4 others
- Science
- 2013

Frustration, or the competition between interacting components of a network, is often responsible for the emergent complexity of many-body systems. For instance, frustrated magnetism is a hallmark of poorly understood systems such as quantum spin liquids, spin glasses, and spin ices, whose ground states can be massively degenerate and carry high degrees of… (More)

- E. E. Edwards, S. Korenblit, K. Kim, R. Islam, M.-S. Chang, J. K. Freericks +3 others
- 2010

We perform a quantum simulation of the Ising model with a transverse field using a collection of three trapped atomic ion spins. By adiabatically manipulating the Hamiltonian, we directly probe the ground state for a wide range of fields and form of the Ising couplings, leading to a phase diagram of magnetic order in this microscopic system. The technique… (More)

- J. K. Freericks, H. Monien
- 1996

A strong-coupling expansion for the phase boundary of the ͑incompressible͒ Mott insulator is presented for the Bose-Hubbard model. Both the pure case and the disordered case are examined. Extrapolations of the series expansions provide results that are as accurate as the Monte Carlo simulations and agree with the exact solutions. The shape difference… (More)