James Jonathon Pitt

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Two siblings with fatal Leigh disease had increased excretion of S-(2-carboxypropyl)cysteine and several other metabolites that are features of 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase (HIBCH) deficiency, a rare defect in the valine catabolic pathway associated with Leigh-like disease. However, this diagnosis was excluded by HIBCH sequencing and normal enzyme(More)
The pathophysiology of cerebral oedema (CE) in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) remains enigmatic. We investigated the role of the idiogenic osmol taurine and aquaporin channels in an in vitro model, the SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line, by sequentially mimicking DKA-like hyperglycemia/hypertonicity and hypotonic fluid therapy. Exposure to DKA-like(More)
Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) is a disorder of organic acid metabolism resulting from a functional defect of methylmalonyl-CoA mutase (MCM). MMA is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, thus therapies are necessary to help improve quality of life and prevent renal and neurological complications. Transgenic mice carrying an intact human MCM(More)
Epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) can be used to investigate links between early life environment, epigenetics and disease. However, such studies raise the question of which came first: the mark or the malady? A recent study has demonstrated that EWAS can be performed on neonatal 'Guthrie' heel-prick blood spots. As Guthrie cards are collected from(More)
The mutation R403stop was found in an individual with mut(0) methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) which resulted from a single base change of C→T in exon 6 of the methylmalonyl-CoA mutase gene (producing a TGA stop codon). In order to accurately model the human MMA disorder we introduced this mutation onto the human methylmalonyl-CoA mutase locus of a bacterial(More)
Barth Syndrome (BTHS) is an X-linked recessive disorder that results in abnormal metabolism of the mitochondrial phospholipid cardiolipin (CL). CLs are decreased and monolysocardiolipins (MLCLs), intermediates in CL metabolism, are increased in a variety of tissues. Measurement of decreased CL levels in skin fibroblasts has previously been proposed as a(More)
Pyridox(am)ine phosphate oxidase (PNPO) deficiency causes severe early infantile epileptic encephalopathy and has been characterized as responding to pyridoxal-5'-phosphate but not to pyridoxine. Two males with PNPO deficiency and novel PNPO mutations are reported and their clinical, metabolic, and video-electroencephalographic (EEG) findings described. The(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to develop a high-throughput urine screening technique for adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiency and to evaluate S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAMe) as a potential treatment for this disorder. METHOD Testing for succinyladenosine (S-Ado), a marker of ADSL deficiency, was incorporated into a screening panel for urine biomarkers(More)
Perturbations in glyoxylate metabolism lead to the accumulation of oxalate and give rise to primary hyperoxalurias, recessive disorders characterized by kidney stone disease. Loss-of-function mutations in HOGA1 (formerly DHDPSL) are responsible for primary hyperoxaluria type III. HOGA1 is a mitochondrial 4-hydroxy-2-oxoglutarate aldolase catalyzing the(More)