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significant biomass burning smoke from Central America was transported to the southeastern United States (SEUS). A coupled aerosol, radiation, and meteorology model that is built upon the heritage of the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS), having newly developed capabilities of Assimilation and Radiation Online Modeling of Aerosols (AROMA)(More)
BACKGROUND In June 2008, burning peat deposits produced haze and air pollution far in excess of National Ambient Air Quality Standards, encroaching on rural communities of eastern North Carolina. Although the association of mortality and morbidity with exposure to urban air pollution is well established, the health effects associated with exposure to(More)
We compare biomass burning emissions estimates from four different techniques that use satellite based fire products to determine area burned over regional to global domains. Three of the techniques use active fire detections from polar-orbiting MODIS sensors and one uses detections and instantaneous fire size estimates from geostationary GOES sensors. Each(More)
We improve the accuracy of daily ground-level fine particulate matter concentrations (PM(2.5)) derived from satellite observations (MODIS and MISR) of aerosol optical depth (AOD) and chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem) calculations of the relationship between AOD and PM(2.5). This improvement is achieved by (1) applying climatological ground-based regional(More)
A system has been developed to combine remote sensing and ground-based measurements of aerosol concentration and aerosol light scattering parameters into a three-dimensional view of the atmosphere over the United States. Utilizing passive and active remote sensors from space and the ground, the system provides tools to visualize particulate air pollution in(More)
VIIRS Day/Night Band (DNB) is much more sensitive to aerosols than to water vapor Modeling of outdoor light transfer in nighttime atmosphere for VIIRS DNB DNB potential for estimating surface PM 2.5 is shown qualitatively and quantitatively PM 2.5 at VIIRS night overpass time is much closer to daily-mean PM 2.5 than at daytime Strategies for future DNB(More)
Total-column nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) data collected by a ground-based sun-tracking spectrometer system (Pandora) and an photolytic-converter-based in-situ instrument were analyzed to study the relationship between total-column and surface NO 2 measurements. The measurements span more than a year and cover all seasons. Surface mixing ratios are estimated via(More)
This study reports on the performance of electrochemical-based low-cost sensors and their use in a community application. CairClip sensors were collocated with federal reference and equivalent methods and operated in a network of sites by citizen scientists (community members) in Houston, Texas and Denver, Colorado, under the umbrella of the NASA-led(More)
Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Program Office plays a key part in helping NASA maintain this important role. The NASA STI Program Office is operated by Langley Research Center, the lead center for NASA's scientific and technical information.(More)