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Photonic crystal confinement in vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) is a robust and reliable technology for achieving operation in the fundamental lateral mode and is potentially applicable to a variety of materials systems and operating wavelengths. We demonstrate photonic crystal VCSELs operating in a single transverse mode with over 30 dB(More)
We demonstrate a new type of laser composed of an array of coupled photonic crystal nanocavities that enables high differential quantum efficiency and output power, together with a low threshold power comparable to those of single photonic crystal cavity lasers. In our experiment, the laser efficiency increases faster than the lasing threshold with an(More)
Here, we report the experimental observation of a dynamical quantum phase transition in a strongly interacting open photonic system. The system studied, comprising a Jaynes-Cummings dimer realized on a superconducting circuit platform, exhibits a dissipation-driven localization transition. Signatures of the transition in the homodyne signal and photon(More)
The molecular structures of cobalt- and nickel-substituted concanavalin A have been refined at 1.6 and 2.0 A resolution, respectively. Both metal derivatives crystallize in space group I222 with approximate cell dimensions a = 89, b = 87 and c = 63 A and one monomer in the asymmetric unit. The final R factor for Co-substituted concanavalin A is 17.8% for 29(More)
We report on novel focused ion beam fabrication techniques that can greatly improve the optical performance of photonic crystal structures. The finite depth and conicity effects of holes and trenches in Lithium Niobate (LN) photonic crystals have been theoretically analyzed, showing that the conicity causes refraction into the bulk sample, resulting in high(More)
We report the accuracy of the photonic crystal model in describing the characteristics of vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers with lateral optical confinement consisting of a periodic array of etched circular holes. Experiments were carried out to compare predictions of the photonic crystal model to observed modal device characteristics, and the oxide(More)
This paper reports on the efficacy of (F(o) - F(c)) versus (2F(o) - F(c)) electron-density maps at 3.2 A resolution. Firstly, a study is reported of a simple truncation at 2.3 and 3.2 A of the 1.6 A resolution crystal structure of concanavalin A at room temperature [Emmerich et al. (1994), Acta Cryst. D50, 749-756] with 149 known bound water molecules.(More)
The synthetic biology toolbox lacks extendable and conformationally controllable yet easy-to-synthesize building blocks that are long enough to span membranes. To meet this need, an iterative synthesis of α-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib) oligomers was used to create a library of homologous rigid-rod 310-helical foldamers, which have incrementally increasing(More)
In the title compound, [Ir(C11H8N)2(C28H20N8)](PF6)3·3CH3CN or [Ir(III)(ppy)2{(2-pym)2qpy(2+)}](PF6)3·3CH3CN (ppy = deprotonated 2-phenyl-pyridine, pym = pyrimidyl and qpy = 4,4':2',2'':4'',4'''-quaterpyrid-yl), the Ir(3+) cation is coordinated by two C atoms and four N atoms in a slightly distorted octa-hedral geometry. The asymmetric unit consists of one(More)