James J. Picano

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Military ‘Special Forces’ represent a high-reliability occupation, where stress levels are often intense and failure can be costly. Selection for such jobs should pay careful attention to psychological factors associated with resiliency under stress. In the present study, US Army Special Forces candidates (N1⁄4 1138) were assessed for psychological(More)
Comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations were performed on 103 asymptomatic, HIV-1 antibody seropositive U.S. Army males to assess cognitive impairment. The sample was demographically heterogeneous. Using established clinical norms, 37.9% of the sample had an abnormal neuropsychological exam. Impairment varied as a function of ethnic group but not as a(More)
A sample of 112 women, tested first as college seniors in the late 1950s, were classified according to the traditionality of their life stories at age 43. This classification based on demographic criteria was supported by low to high scores on the socialization scale of the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). Traditionality of role at age 43 was(More)
Three distinct personality subtypes were empirically identified in a sample of 170 experienced U.S. Army pilots, using a new measure of personality developed for use in occupational settings. The subtypes are similar to those previously derived in a sample of military aviation trainees. No significant differences across the clusters were found for the types(More)
Although aircraft pilots are generally regarded as having superior stress-coping skills, there has been relatively little empirical research on how pilots cope with stress. New stress-coping models and measures for understanding and assessing these previously elusive processes greatly facilitate the empirical study of stress-coping styles. This study(More)
The military lifestyle can create formidable challenges for military families. This article describes the Military Family Fitness Model (MFFM), a comprehensive model aimed at enhancing family fitness and resilience across the life span. This model is intended for use by Service members, their families, leaders, and health care providers but also has broader(More)
The LIFE (lifestyle change, individual readiness, fitness excellence, eating healthy) wellness program was an intensive, out-patient, healthy lifestyle change program with participants from the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps. Our objective was to describe the LIFE program and to present before and after test results for this 1-year program.(More)
BACKGROUND We identified syndromes based upon prominent psychiatric symptom patterns exhibited by military student pilots with problems in aeronautical adaptation, and evaluated their relationship to subject variables and eventual completion of flight training. METHOD Two aeromedical psychologists retrospectively reviewed consecutive student pilot(More)
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