James J. O'Donnell

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Zymogen granule membranes from the rat exocrine pancreas displays distinctive, simple protein and glycoprotein compositions when compared to other intracellular membranes. The carbohydrate content of zymogen granule membrane protein was 5-10-fold greater than that of membrane fractions isolated from smooth and rough microsomes, mitochondria and a(More)
P120 catenin (p120ctn) is an adherens junction protein recognized to regulate barrier function, but emerging evidence indicates that p120ctn may also exert control on other cellular functions such as transcriptional suppression of genes. We investigated the hypothesis that loss of p120ctn in human endothelial cells activates transcription of(More)
A human cDNA encoding a galactokinase (EC was isolated by complementation of a galactokinase-deficient (gal1-) strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This cDNA encodes a predicted protein of 458 amino acids with 29% identity to galactokinase of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis. Previous studies have mapped a human galactokinase gene (GK1) to chromosome(More)
Ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) is associated with activated inflammatory signaling, such as cytokine production by endothelial and epithelial cells and macrophages, although the precise mechanisms of inflammatory activation induced by VILI-relevant cyclic stretch (CS) amplitude remain poorly understood. We show that exposure of human pulmonary(More)
PURPOSE Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), a key regulator of immune and inflammatory responses, plays important roles in diabetes-induced microvascular complications including diabetic retinopathy (DR). Thrombin activates NF-κB through protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1, a member of the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily, and contributes to DR. The(More)
Cross talk between the actin cytoskeleton and microtubules (MT) has been implicated in the amplification of agonist-induced Rho signaling, leading to increased vascular endothelial permeability. This study tested the involvement of actin-MT cross talk in the mechanisms of barrier enhancement induced by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and evaluated the role(More)
P120 catenin (p120ctn) belongs to the family of Armadillo repeat-containing proteins, which are believed to have dual functions of cell-cell adhesion and transcriptional regulation. In vascular endothelium, p120ctn is mostly recognized for its cell-cell adhesion function through its ability to regulate VE-cadherin. The current study investigated whether(More)
Suboptimal ventilator support or regional ventilation heterogeneity in inflamed lungs causes excessive tissue distension, which triggers stretch-induced pathological signaling and may lead to vascular leak and lung dysfunction. Focal adhesions (FAs) are cell-substrate adhesive complexes participating in cellular mechanotransduction and regulation of the Rho(More)
publications committee, or a journal editorial board, you may have paid only passing attention to the debate over public access to scientifi c research, which has been swirling through these communities ever since science journals started publishing online 15 years ago. That is about to change. Last week, the U.S. House Science and Technology Committee's(More)