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OBJECTIVES To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the sperm penetration assay (SPA) and standard semen parameters for subsequent fertilization in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Andrology Laboratory, and university research laboratory. PATIENTS Two hundred sixteen couples undergoing male-partner(More)
The ability of cytochalasin B to inhibit the steroidogenic response of mouse adrenal tumor cells (Y-1) to adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) was examined with two aims: to consider the specificity of the inhibitor and to determine at what point(s) in the steroidogenic pathway it acts. Cytochalasin B did not inhibit protein synthesis or transport of [3H]-cholesterol(More)
In previous studies cadmium chloride (CdCl2) nonlethally inhibited Y-1 mouse adrenal tumor cell 20-dihydroxyprogesterone (20DHP) secretion, affecting unstimulated and stimulated steroidogenic pathway sites differently. In addition, dibutyryl cAMP-stimulated 20DHP secretion was unaffected by CdCl2, while the site of the unstimulated effect was indirectly(More)
In previous studies, nonlethal CdCl2 concentrations apparently inhibited basal Y-1 mouse adrenal tumor cell endogenous mitochondrial cholesterol conversion to pregnenolone. In addition, CdCl2 inhibited all agents stimulating both plasma membrane-dependent cAMP synthesis and 20α-hydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (20DHP) secretion. Bypassing the plasma membrane using(More)
OBJECTIVE Because glucocorticoids stimulate leptin release and, at least in vitro, leptin inhibits cortisol secretion, a feedback system between glucocorticoids and leptin has been proposed. However, in humans and non-human primates there are no in vivo studies to support any role for leptin in the control of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. In this(More)
Cultured Y-1 mouse adrenal tumor cells, which secrete 20-α-hydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (20-DHP), were used to investigate the acute nonlethal effects of incremental cadmium chloride (CdCl2) concentrations on basal and maximally stimulated steroid secretion. In addition, cumulative CdCl2 effects during 4-hr incubations, effect reversibility, and viability were(More)
Ultrastructural and cell fractionation studies implicate lipid droplets in the storage of cholesterol and in the secretion of steroids. To evaluate the role of the lipid droplet in steroidogenesis, a discontinuous gradient centrifugation method has been developed for the isolation of both lipid droplet and non-lipid fractions from decapsulated rat adrenal(More)
Effects of chronic ethanol exposure on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor function were examined in hippocampal neurons. Rat hippocampal neurons grown in culture were chronically exposed to 100 mM ethanol to examine mechanisms that could underlie ethanol-induced changes in receptor function and excitotoxicity. NMDA-stimulated, but not kainic(More)
Cultured Y-l mouse adrenal tumor cells treated with ACTH (0.5 U/ml) rounded, formed filopodia and numerous thin microvilli, and produced steroids. Rounding, filopodia and bleb formation occurred for trypsin (0.01%), and hyaluronidase (0.1%), treated cells; but neither affected control or ACTH-stimulated steroidogenesis. Neuraminidase treatment (20 mU/ml)(More)