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We have shown previously that the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) major immediate-early (MIE) distal enhancer is needed for MIE promoter-dependent transcription and viral replication at low multiplicities of infection (MOI). To understand how this region works, we constructed and analyzed a series of HCMVs with various distal enhancer mutations. We show that(More)
Adherence of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites to colonic mucins and resistance to lysis by the membrane attack complex of complement are mediated by a galactose- and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific cell-surface lectin. This lectin is a heterodimeric glycoprotein of heavy (170 kDa) and light (35/31 kDa) subunits. In this work, the amino acid sequence and(More)
GP46 is an abundant glycoprotein of 46 kDa on the surface of the promastigote form of most Leishmania species. We show that the steady state level of GP46 mRNA increases >>30-fold as Leishmania chagasi promastigotes develop in vitro from a less infectious form during logarithmic growth to a highly infectious form in the stationary phase of cultivation.(More)
The human complement system is an important early host defense against infection. Entamoeba histolytica activates the complement system but is resistant to killing by complement C5b-9 complexes deposited on the membrane surface. Our aim was to identify components of the amebic plasma membrane that mediate resistance to human complement C5b-9 by screening(More)
Adherence of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites to host cells is mediated by a galactose (Gal) and N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc)-specific surface lectin. The lectin is a heterodimeric protein composed of heavy (170 kDa) and light (35-31 kDa) subunits linked by disulfide bonds. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies (mAb) raised against a light(More)
The major surface protease, gp63, of Leishmania chagasi is encoded by 18 or more tandem msp genes that can be grouped into three classes on the basis of their unique 3'-untranslated sequences (3'-UTRs) and their differential expression. RNAs from the mspLs occur predominantly during the logarithmic phase of promastigote growth in vitro, RNAs from the mspSs(More)
The surface protease GP63 of Leishmania chagasi is encoded by a cluster of more than 18 tandem major surface protease (msp) genes belonging to three classes (mspL, mspS, mspC). mspL and mspS transcripts are differentially expressed during parasite growth. RNAs from mspS genes predominate during stationary phase, the time when parasite virulence and GP63(More)
The human complement system is an important early host defense against infection. Entamoeba histolytica activates the complement system but is resistant to killing by complement C5b-9 complexes deposited on the membrane surface. Our aim was to identify components of the amebic plasma membrane that mediate resistance to human complement C5b-9 by screening(More)