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Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) participate in critical cellular functions that exploit the flexibility and rapid conformational fluctuations of their native state. Limited information about the native state of IDPs can be gained by the averaging over many heterogeneous molecules that is unavoidable in ensemble approaches. We used single molecule(More)
Scaffold proteins form a framework to organize signal transduction by binding multiple partners within a signaling pathway. This shapes the output of signal responses as well as providing specificity and localization. The Membrane Associated Guanylate Kinases (MAGuKs) are scaffold proteins at cellular junctions that localize cell surface receptors and link(More)
Multidomain scaffold proteins serve as hubs in the signal transduction network. By physically colocalizing sequential steps in a transduction pathway, scaffolds catalyze and direct incoming signals. Much is known about binary interactions with individual domains, but it is unknown whether "scaffolding activity" is predictable from pairwise affinities. Here,(More)
Microscopy-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) experiments measure donor and acceptor intensities by isolating these signals with a series of optical elements. Because this filtering discards portions of the spectrum, the observed FRET efficiency is dependent on the set of filters in use. Similarly, observed FRET efficiency is also affected(More)
SUMMARY Drug-induced cross-links are found in the DNA of chick embryos within 6 hr after injection of mitomycin C and methyl-di-(2-chloroethyl)amine into the egg and 24 hr after injection of triethylene thiophosphoramide. Effects on the rates of synthesis of DNA, RNA, and protein were studied with chemical assays for total content of these macromolecules as(More)
Tandem PDZ domains have been suggested to form structurally independent supramodules. However, dissimilarity between crystallography and NMR models emphasize their malleable conformation. Studies in full-length scaffold proteins are needed to examine the effect of tertiary interactions within their native context. Using single-molecule fluorescence to(More)
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