James J. Mancuso

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Dendritic spines, the bulbous protrusions that form the postsynaptic half of excitatory synapses, are one of the most prominent features of neurons and have been imaged and studied for over a century. In that time, changes in the number and morphology of dendritic spines have been correlated to the developmental process as well as the pathophysiology of a(More)
The present study investigated the inheritance of dietary fat, carbohydrate, and kilocalorie intake traits in an F(2) population derived from an intercross between C57BL/6J (fat-preferring) and CAST/EiJ (carbohydrate-preferring) mice. Mice were phenotyped for self-selected food intake in a paradigm which provided for 10 days a choice between two(More)
Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins negatively modulate G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling activity by accelerating G protein hydrolysis of GTP, hastening pathway shutoff. A wealth of data from cell culture experiments using exogenously expressed proteins indicates that RGS9 and other RGS proteins have the potential to down-regulate a(More)
Comprising 10(11) neurons with 10(14) synaptic connections the human brain is the ultimate systems biology puzzle. An increasing body of evidence highlights the observation that changes in brain function, both normal and pathological, consistently correlate with dynamic changes in neuronal anatomy. Anatomical changes occur on a full range of scales from the(More)
Complex cancer care requires careful coordination, but resource limitations result in lack of effective coordinated follow-up services. Recent advances in smartphones offer great opportunities for better segmentation of patient populations for cost-effective, targeted care coordination and monitoring or surveillance of cancer patients. This paper presents a(More)
Decreased cerebral blood flow causes brain ischemia and plays an important role in the pathophysiology of many neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. In this study, we photomodulated astrocytes in the live animal by a combination of two-photon calcium uncaging in the astrocyte endfoot and in vivo imaging of(More)
Breast cancer continues to be one of the leading causes of cancer death among women. Mammogram is the standard of care for screening and diagnosis of breast cancer. The American College of Radiology developed the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon to standardize mammographic reporting to assess cancer risk and facilitate biopsy(More)
Heterogeneity of genomic instabilities among individual patients is believed to be a major cause of drug response heterogeneity. Cancer patients who are sensitive to anti-cancer drugs are often re-examined to understand the unknown mechanism of action (MoA) of given drugs. For example, a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient was reported to be(More)
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