James J Ludtke

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Plasmid pRSVL persisted and expressed luciferase for at least 19 months in mouse skeletal muscle after intramuscular injection. Other injected plasmids also stably expressed long-term suggesting that any plasmid DNA could stably persist and express in muscle. Plasmid DNA was demonstrated by quantitative PCR in some of the muscle DNA samples for at least 19(More)
Plasmid DNA or artificial mRNA injected intramuscularly into skeletal muscle via a 27 g needle expressed transgenes at relatively efficient levels in skeletal myofibers and cardiac cells. In the present study, several approaches were used to determine the mechanism of cellular uptake. After exposure of naked plasmid DNA, primary rat muscle cells in vitro(More)
Gene delivery is a multistep process that is being studied to increase its efficiency, a major hurdle for effective gene therapy. Our study focused on the nuclear entry step by microinjecting a mixture of fluorescent dextran and the pEYFP-Nuc plasmid (encoding a nuclear-targeted, enhanced GFP) into the cytoplasm of nondividing and dividing cells that were(More)
The nuclear entry of exogenous DNA in mammalian cells is critical for efficient gene transfer. A novel technique was developed for the covalent attachment of cationic peptides to double-stranded DNA using a cyclo-propapyrroloindole cross-linker. The attachment of the SV40 large T antigen nuclear localization signal peptide induced the nuclear accumulation(More)
Although the entry of DNA into the nucleus is a crucial step of non-viral gene delivery, fundamental features of this transport process have remained unexplored. This study analyzed the effect of linear double stranded DNA size on its passive diffusion, its active transport and its NLS-assisted transport. The size limit for passive diffusion was found to be(More)
Our previous studies have demonstrated that the intraarterial delivery of naked plasmid DNA leads to high levels of foreign gene expression throughout the muscles of the targeted limb. Although the procedure was first developed in rats and then extended to nonhuman primates, the present study has successfully implemented the procedure in normal mice and the(More)
DNA can enter intact mammalian nuclei with varying degrees of efficiency in both transfected and microinjected cells, yet very little is known about the mechanism by which it crosses the nuclear membrane. Nucleocytoplasmic transport of fluorescently labeled DNA was studied using a digitonin-permeabilized cell system. DNA accumulated in the nucleus with a(More)
In vivo phage display is a powerful source of new peptide ligands for specific organ targeting by drugs and gene therapy vectors. Since the introduction of this methodology a decade ago, a number of peptides that preferentially react with organ-specific endothelium and parenchymal markers have been selected. One organ that has been conspicuously missing(More)
Transfection competent complexes were assembled using a three component system. The constituents of the basic system were plasmid DNA, cationic DNA binding protein (NLS-H1) and anionic liposomes (dioleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) or phosphatidylserine (PS)). In contrast to cationic liposome/DNA binary complexes, all of the DNA in these ternary(More)