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Nevirapine (NVP), a non-nucleoside inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, is concomitantly administered to patients with a variety of medications. To assess the potential for its involvement in drug interactions, cytochrome P-450 (CYP) reaction phenotyping of NVP to its four oxidative metabolites, 2-, 3-, 8-, and 12-hydroxyNVP, was performed. The NVP(More)
Micafungin (FK463) is a new parenteral echinocandin. A multicenter, phase I, open-label, sequential-group dose escalation study was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of micafungin in neutropenic pediatric patients. A total of 77 patients stratified by age (2 to 12 and 13 to 17 years) received micafungin. Therapy was(More)
Cyclosporine is a marketed immunosuppressive agent and a known substrate for CYP3A. Micafungin is an antifungal agent and a mild inhibitor of CYP3A-mediated metabolism in vitro. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine and micafungin before and with concomitant administration. The pharmacokinetics of single-dose(More)
The pharmacokinetics and biotransformation of the antiretroviral agent nevirapine (NVP) after autoinduction were characterized in eight healthy male volunteers. Subjects received 200-mg NVP tablets once daily for 2 weeks, followed by 200 mg twice daily for 2 weeks. Then they received a single oral dose (solution) of 50 mg containing 100 microCi of(More)
Frog (Rana catesbiana) rod outer segment disc membranes contain a cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase (EC 3.1.4.17) which is activated by light in the presence of ATP. This enzyme is firmly bound to the disc membrane, but can be eluted from the membrane with 10 mM Tris-HCl buffer, pH 7.4 and 2 mM EDTA. The eluted phosphodiesterase has reduced activity, but(More)
Tacrolimus is an approved immunosuppressive agent and a known substrate for CYP3A. Micafungin is an echinocandin antifungal agent and a mild inhibitor of CYP3A metabolism in vitro. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus (5 mg oral) and micafungin (100 mg intravenous) alone and with concomitant administration (n=26).(More)
Micafungin is an antifungal agent metabolized by arylsulfatase with secondary metabolism by catechol-O-methyltransferase. The objectives of this study were to estimate the pharmacokinetic parameters and plasma protein binding of micafungin in volunteers with moderate hepatic dysfunction (n = 8), volunteers with creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min (n = 9), and(More)
In this dose escalation study, 74 adult cancer patients undergoing bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation received fluconazole (400 mg/day) and either normal saline (control) (12 subjects) or micafungin (12.5 to 200 mg/day) (62 subjects) for up to 4 weeks. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of micafungin was not reached, based on the(More)
Nevirapine, a nonnucleoside inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase, was administered for the first time to humans in a pilot study designed to investigate the pharmacokinetics and tolerance of the drug following single-dose administration to 21 HIV-1-infected individuals. The study followed a parallel design.(More)