James J. Keirns

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Nevirapine (NVP), a non-nucleoside inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, is concomitantly administered to patients with a variety of medications. To assess the potential for its involvement in drug interactions, cytochrome P-450 (CYP) reaction phenotyping of NVP to its four oxidative metabolites, 2-, 3-, 8-, and 12-hydroxyNVP, was performed. The NVP(More)
The pharmacokinetics and biotransformation of the antiretroviral agent nevirapine (NVP) after autoinduction were characterized in eight healthy male volunteers. Subjects received 200-mg NVP tablets once daily for 2 weeks, followed by 200 mg twice daily for 2 weeks. Then they received a single oral dose (solution) of 50 mg containing 100 microCi of(More)
Potential effects of the selective β(3)-adrenoceptor agonist mirabegron on cardiac repolarization were studied in healthy subjects. The four-arm, parallel, two-way crossover study was double-blind and placebo- and active (moxifloxacin)-controlled. After 2 baseline ECG days, subjects were randomized to one of eight treatment sequences (22 females and 22(More)
Micafungin is an antifungal agent metabolized by arylsulfatase with secondary metabolism by catechol-O-methyltransferase. The objectives of this study were to estimate the pharmacokinetic parameters and plasma protein binding of micafungin in volunteers with moderate hepatic dysfunction (n = 8), volunteers with creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min (n = 9), and(More)
Cyclosporine is a marketed immunosuppressive agent and a known substrate for CYP3A. Micafungin is an antifungal agent and a mild inhibitor of CYP3A-mediated metabolism in vitro. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine and micafungin before and with concomitant administration. The pharmacokinetics of single-dose(More)
Tacrolimus is an approved immunosuppressive agent and a known substrate for CYP3A. Micafungin is an echinocandin antifungal agent and a mild inhibitor of CYP3A metabolism in vitro. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus (5 mg oral) and micafungin (100 mg intravenous) alone and with concomitant administration (n=26).(More)
Micafungin (FK463) is a new parenteral echinocandin. A multicenter, phase I, open-label, sequential-group dose escalation study was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of micafungin in neutropenic pediatric patients. A total of 77 patients stratified by age (2 to 12 and 13 to 17 years) received micafungin. Therapy was(More)
BACKGROUND Hematogenous Candida meningoencephalitis (HCME) is a relatively frequent manifestation of disseminated candidiasis in neonates and is associated with significant mortality and neurodevelopmental abnormalities. The outcome after antifungal therapy is often suboptimal, with few therapeutic options. Limited clinical data suggest that echinocandins(More)
OBJECTIVE A statistical modelling study investigated whether incorporating the curvatures of QT/RR patterns into the individual-specific QT heart rate correction increases QTc data accuracy. METHODS Repeated ECG readings were available from 4 different drug-free recordings made in 176+176 healthy female and male subjects (aged 32 ± 10 and 33 ± 8 years,(More)