James J. Gordon

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 We have previously demonstrated that, in preparing themselves to aim voluntary impulses of isometric elbow force to unpredictable targets, subjects selected default values for amplitude and direction according the range of targets that they expected. Once a specific target appeared, subjects specified amplitude and direction through parallel processes.(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with deficits in higher-order processing of visual information. This study evaluated the integrity of early visual processing in order to evaluate the overall pattern of visual dysfunction in schizophrenia. METHOD Steady-state visual-evoked potential responses were recorded over the occipital cortex in patients with(More)
This study examined the variability in movement end points in a task in which human subjects reached to targets in different locations on a horizontal surface. The primary purpose was to determine whether patterns in the variable errors would reveal the nature and origin of the coordinate system in which the movements were planned. Six subjects moved a(More)
We have previously shown that when aiming impulses of force to unpredictable flexion and extension targets, subjects prepare themselves to respond by preselecting a default amplitude and direction. In our preceding study, where flexion and extension target ranges were symmetrical, subjects prepared a single default amplitude near the center of each of the(More)
Positive- and negative-contrast stimuli yield the perceptions of brightness and darkness, respectively, and are processed separately by ON and OFF neural pathways. The properties of these morphologically and pharmacologically distinct subsystems were measured in humans by recording visual evoked potentials (VEPs). These electrical responses from the visual(More)
JC virus (JCV) is a neurotropic polyomavirus infecting greater than 70% of the human population worldwide during early childhood. Replication of JCV in brains of individuals with impaired immune systems results in the fatal demyelinating disease, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Furthermore, JCV possesses an oncogenic potential and induces(More)
Light adaptation is the adjustment of retinal response properties to variations in ambient illumination. It enables the encoding of visual information over a millionfold intensity range, from moonlight to broad daylight, despite the relatively small dynamic range of response of visual neurones. We have studied the effects of light adaptation on the dynamics(More)
The high affinity of antibodies produced during responses to T-cell-dependent antigens is associated with somatic mutation in the variable region of the immunoglobulin. Indirect evidence indicates that: (1) this arises by a process of hypermutation, acting selectively on rearranged immunoglobulin variable-region genes, which is activated in centroblasts(More)
The virion-associated protein of human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), Vpr, is a small protein with 96 amino acid residues that has the ability to modulate transcription of HIV-1 long terminal repeat (LTR) promoter activity and affects several cellular functions. In this study we have employed molecular approaches to further investigate the(More)