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Humans possess the remarkable ability to search their memory, allowing specific past episodes to be re-experienced spontaneously. Here, we administered a free recall test to 114 neurosurgical patients and used intracranial theta and high-frequency activity (HFA) to identify the spatiotemporal pattern of neural activity underlying spontaneous episodic(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the bypass techniques, cranial base approaches, results of treatment, causes of failure, and lessons that are learned in patients with posterior circulation aneurysms requiring revascularization. METHODS Retrospectively, 19 patients with posterior fossa aneurysms requiring revascularization procedures operated on between 1991 and(More)
OBJECT The expanded endoscopic approach to craniopharyngiomas has recently been described in several small case series. The authors present their experience with this technique and review the available literature. METHODS Between September 2006 and September 2009, 14 patients underwent a purely endoscopic, endonasal approach for resection of newly(More)
Retrospective data suggests that low serum glucose levels during the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) may improve clinical outcomes. As such, many patients are implementing a ketogenic diet (KD) in order to decrease serum glucose flux while simultaneously elevating circulating ketones during radiation therapy and chemotherapy for the treatment of(More)
OBJECT Using strict biochemical remission criteria, the authors assessed surgical outcomes after endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of growth hormone (GH)-secreting pituitary adenomas and identified preoperative factors that significantly influence the rate of remission. METHODS A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database was(More)
BACKGROUND Stereotactic radiosurgery and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy have become widespread techniques applied to the treatment of a variety of intracranial lesions. Rapid evolution of new technologies has now enabled clinicians to treat tumors outside the cranium and down the spinal axis. This review compares 3 commercially available systems in(More)
Anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) is commonly adopted to control medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Depending on the side of resection, the degree to which Wallerian degeneration and adaptive plasticity occur after ATL has important implications for understanding cognitive and clinical outcome. We obtained diffusion tensor imaging from 24(More)
BACKGROUND Ventriculostomy infections create significant morbidity. To reduce infection rates, a standardized evidence-based catheter insertion protocol was implemented. A prospective observational study analyzed the effects of this protocol alone and with antibiotic-impregnated ventriculostomy catheters. OBJECTIVE To compare infection rates after(More)
A significant number of neurosurgical patients require feeding tube placement via a nasogastric route. It is used as a temporary access for enteral feeding until patients are able to swallow or receive permanent access. Despite how commonly feeding tubes are used, they are not without potential complications. We report a case of inadvertent placement of(More)