James J. Doyle

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Toxic freshwater cyanobacteria can contaminate water supplies and adversely effect humans, agricultural livestock, and wildlife. Toxicity is strain-specific so morphological observations alone cannot predict the hazard level. Two microtiter plate based bioassays have emerged for measuring saxitoxin (STX) and its derivatives, commonly found in the freshwater(More)
Optical limiting is an important application of nonlinear optics, useful for the protection of human eyes, optical elements, and optical sensors from intense laser pulses. An optical limiter is such a device that strongly attenuates high intensity light and potentially damaging light such as focused laser beams, whilst allowing for the high transmission of(More)
Percutaneous interstitial microwave thermoablation of locally recurrent prostate carcinoma was continually guided with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Phase images and data were obtained with a rapid gradient-echo technique and were used to derive tissue temperature change on the basis of proton-resonance shift. Thermally devitalized regions correlated(More)
An isoform of the paralytic shellfish poison (PSP)-specific receptor saxiphilin, from the tropical centipede Ethmostigmus rubripes, was used as the basis for a radiometric, high-throughput, microtiter plate assay for this group of toxins. Characterization of the assay revealed that it was able to detect several representatives from the various structural(More)
Saxiphilin is a hydrophilic protein with a high affinity and specificity for paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) found in the circulatory fluid of many invertebrates and ectothermic vertebrates. Saxiphilin has been found to be closely related to the iron binding transferrins, a group of proteins that range in molecular weight between 70 and 90 kDa. One(More)
This study compared five methods of measuring paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) including the long-used mouse lethality bioassay, a commercially available cell culture test (MIST Quantification kit), HPLC analysis, and two newly developed radioreceptor assays utilizing mammalian sodium channels and saxiphilin. Methods were challenged with toxic shellfish(More)
We present evidence for scattering induced optical limiting in a suspension of Si/SiO2 nanostructures in an isopropanol solution. The structures were studied by open and closed aperture z-scan with 6 ns Gaussian pulses at 532 nm from a frequency doubled, Q switched Nd:YAG laser. The linear absorption of the nanostructures displayed evidence of quantum(More)
OBJECTIVES Dental materials capable of releasing calcium, phosphate and fluoride are of great interest for remineralization. Microencapsulated aqueous solutions of these ions in orthodontic cement demonstrate slow, sustained release by passive diffusion through a permeable membrane without the need for dissolution or etching of fillers. The potential to(More)
Acid washing is known to influence the handling properties of ionomer glasses used in glass ionomer cements due to the production of an ion depleted-zone on the surface of the glass particles. The influence of acid washing on the particle size distribution and surface area of four glasses was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), particle size(More)