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Axon regeneration after injury to the adult mammalian CNS is limited in part by three inhibitory proteins in CNS myelin: Nogo-A, MAG, and OMgp. All three of these proteins bind to a Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) to inhibit axonal outgrowth in vitro. To explore the necessity of NgR for responses to myelin inhibitors and for restriction of axonal growth in the adult(More)
Pathophysiologic hypotheses for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are centered on the role of the amyloid plaque Abeta peptide and the mechanism of its derivation from the amyloid precursor protein (APP). As part of the disease process, an aberrant axonal sprouting response is known to occur near Abeta deposits. A Nogo to Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) pathway contributes(More)
In schizophrenia, genetic predisposition has been linked to chromosome 22q11 and myelin-specific genes are misexpressed in schizophrenia. Nogo-66 receptor 1 (NGR or RTN4R) has been considered to be a 22q11 candidate gene for schizophrenia susceptibility because it encodes an axonal protein that mediates myelin inhibition of axonal sprouting. Confirming(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to examine the clinical utility of the combination of TNM stage and modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) in patients undergoing potentially curative resection of colorectal cancer (CRC). BACKGROUND Of measures of the systemic inflammatory response, the mGPS has been most extensively validated in patients with cancer. (More)
The production and aggregation of cerebral amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide are thought to play a causal role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previously, we found that the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) interacts physically with both Abeta and the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The inverse correlation of Abeta levels with NgR levels within the brain may reflect(More)
PURPOSE The tumor microenvironment is recognized as an important determinant of progression and outcome in colorectal cancer. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a novel tumor microenvironment-based prognostic score, based on histopathologic assessment of the tumor inflammatory cell infiltrate and tumor stroma, in patients with primary operable(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical utility of two measures of the inflammatory cell infiltrate - a H&E-based assessment of the generalized inflammatory cell infiltrate (the Klintrup-Mäkinen (KM) grade), and an immunohistochemistry-based assessment of combined CD3+ and CD8+ T-cell density (the "Immunoscore"), in conjunction with(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic inflammatory scoring systems such as the NLR have been reported to have prognostic value in many solid organ cancers. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between the components of the white cell count (WCC) and survival in patients undergoing elective surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS Patients undergoing(More)
HIV is a chronic illness that requires strict adherence to medication regimens. This study attempts to examine the patterns of highly active antiretroviral therapy adherence relative to religious beliefs in a population of perinatally HIV-infected adolescents. Eligible subjects included perinatally HIV-infected youth aged 14-22 years who knew their HIV(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour stroma percentage (TSP) has previously been reported to predict survival in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC); however, whether this is independent of other aspects of the tumour microenvironment is unknown. In the present study, the relationship between TSP, the tumour microenvironment and survival was examined in patients undergoing(More)