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Axon regeneration after injury to the adult mammalian CNS is limited in part by three inhibitory proteins in CNS myelin: Nogo-A, MAG, and OMgp. All three of these proteins bind to a Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) to inhibit axonal outgrowth in vitro. To explore the necessity of NgR for responses to myelin inhibitors and for restriction of axonal growth in the adult(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is recognized as a signaling molecule in the CNS where it is a candidate retrograde neurotransmitter. Here we provide direct evidence that NO mediates slow excitatory anterograde transmission between the NO synthase (NOS)-expressing B2 neuron and an NO-responsive follower neuron named B7nor. Both are motoneurons located in the buccal(More)
Pathophysiologic hypotheses for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are centered on the role of the amyloid plaque Abeta peptide and the mechanism of its derivation from the amyloid precursor protein (APP). As part of the disease process, an aberrant axonal sprouting response is known to occur near Abeta deposits. A Nogo to Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) pathway contributes(More)
Here, we show that a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) pseudogene is expressed in the CNS of the snail Lymnaea stagnalis. The pseudo-NOS transcript includes a region of significant antisense homology to a previously reported neuronal NOS (nNOS)-encoding mRNA. This suggested that the pseudo-NOS transcript acts as a natural antisense regulator of nNOS protein(More)
In schizophrenia, genetic predisposition has been linked to chromosome 22q11 and myelin-specific genes are misexpressed in schizophrenia. Nogo-66 receptor 1 (NGR or RTN4R) has been considered to be a 22q11 candidate gene for schizophrenia susceptibility because it encodes an axonal protein that mediates myelin inhibition of axonal sprouting. Confirming(More)
To identify neuropeptides that have a broad spectrum of actions on the feeding system of Aplysia, we searched for bioactive peptides that are present in both the gut and the CNS. We identified a family of structurally related nonapeptides and decapeptides (enterins) that are present in the gut and CNS of Aplysia, and most of which share the HSFVamide(More)
The production and aggregation of cerebral amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide are thought to play a causal role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previously, we found that the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) interacts physically with both Abeta and the amyloid precursor protein (APP). The inverse correlation of Abeta levels with NgR levels within the brain may reflect(More)
One aspect of Alzheimer's disease is the existence of dystrophic neurites in and near Amyloid β (Aβ) plaques. In previous work, we have shown that Nogo-66 Receptor (NgR)regulates axonal sprouting and regeneration in the adult central nervous system. Therefore, we have investigated whether the NgR pathway titrates the dystrophic neurite response in(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to examine the clinical utility of the combination of TNM stage and modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) in patients undergoing potentially curative resection of colorectal cancer (CRC). BACKGROUND Of measures of the systemic inflammatory response, the mGPS has been most extensively validated in patients with cancer. (More)
INTRODUCTION Recent in-vitro studies have suggested that a critical checkpoint early in the inflammatory process involves the interaction between neutrophils and platelets. This confirms the importance of the innate immune system in the elaboration of the systemic inflammatory response. The aim of the present study was to examine whether a combination of(More)