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BACKGROUND For individual patients with colorectal cancer, health-related quality of life (HRQL) after treatment is a function of several factors that include preexisting medical conditions, the disease burden, and the treatment that is rendered. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that were associated with posttreatment HRQL. METHODS At(More)
Metastatic disease to the gallbladder is unusual. The most common malignancy metastatic to the gallbladder is melanoma, followed by renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and breast cancer. Due to the unusual nature of the disease, there are no trials available for review. Thus, the management for these patients has been based on institutional experience and review of(More)
The investigations by Ratajczak-Pakalska showed peculiarities of cardiac venous circulation which make retrograde perfusion possible. Microcirculation is flowing in two directions, especially in diffuse cardiosclerosis. The results of the authors' animal experiments prove that the method of retrograde perfusion of coronary veins might be used ultimately in(More)