James H Sondheimer

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CONTEXT A high level of the phosphate-regulating hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) is associated with mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease, but little is known about its relationship with adverse outcomes in the much larger population of patients with earlier stages of chronic kidney disease. OBJECTIVE To evaluate FGF-23 as a risk(More)
This morphologic and morphometric study of native-kidney biopsies of six homozygous sickle hemoglobin (SS) nephrotics defines a distinctive glomerulopathy of focal sclerosis developing in maximally hypertrophied glomeruli. In each biopsy, two patterns of segmental glomerulosclerosis were observed: a "collapsing" pattern and an "expansive" pattern.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Previous studies in chronic disease states have demonstrated an association between lower urinary creatinine excretion (UCr) and increased mortality, a finding presumed to reflect the effect of low muscle mass on clinical outcomes. Little is known about the relationship between UCr and other measures of body composition in terms of(More)
Mannitol is widely used to reduce intracranial pressure and is protective against ischemic and nephrotoxic acute renal failure. However, the capacity of this seemingly innocuous agent to produce acute renal failure is not well recognized. We report herein the clinical course of 8 cases of mannitol-induced acute renal failure. In addition, we reviewed all(More)
Hypogeusia is a reported side effect of captopril. Linkage of hypogeusia to zinc deficiency has been suggested. We objectively assessed taste acuity using Henkin's three-drop stimulus technique and measured plasma zinc (PZn) level and urinary zinc excretion in 31 hypertensive patients. Of these, 11 were long-term, high-dose captopril recipients (more than 6(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the association between cognition and levels of cystatin C in persons with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Cognitive Study. PARTICIPANTS Individuals with a baseline cognitive assessment completed at the same visit as serum cystatin C measurement (N(More)
Hyperammonemia is a metabolic derangement that can be potentially fatal. Primary hyperammonemia due to urea cycle enzyme deficiency is usually discovered in neonates but rarely can present in adulthood. Late-onset manifestations of urea cycle disorders can go unnoticed, until they become life threatening. The authors report a 28-year-old man who developed(More)
A male patient undergoing hemodialysis in whom the cause of severe hyperkalemia (more than 8 mmol/liter) was found to be an unusual pica is described. His pica consisted of ingestion of burnt match heads (cautopyreiophagia). The potassium content of his daily consumption of burnt matches added 80 mmol to his 45 mmol dietary potassium intake. Hypogeusia and(More)
Measured GFR (mGFR) has long been considered the gold standard measure of kidney function, but recent studies have shown that mGFR is not consistently superior to eGFR in explaining CKD-related comorbidities. The associations between longitudinal changes in mGFR versus eGFR and adverse outcomes have not been examined. We analyzed a subset of 942(More)