James H Saunders

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When intracellular chloride activity (aiCl) was monitored with chloride-sensitive liquid ion exchanges (CLIX) microelectrodes in Balanus photoreceptors, replacement of extracellular chloride (Cl0) by methanesulfonate or glutamate was followed by a rapid but incomplete loss of aiCl. When propionate was used as the extracellular anion substitute, CLIX(More)
Anion and cation permeabilities in dark-adapted Balanus photoreceptors were determined by comparing changes in the membrane potential in response to replacement of the dominant anion (Cl-) or cation (Na+) by test anions or cations in the superfusing solution. The anion permeability sequence obtained was PI greater than PSO4 greater than PBr greater than PCl(More)
A synovial plica is present at the dorsoproximal aspect of the fetlock joint. The objective of this study was to describe the location of the synovial plica during induced hyperextension using Magnetic Resonance Imaging. For this study 20 cadaver limbs from five Warmblood horses were used. Measurements were made of the dorsal; palmar/plantar length and the(More)
A B S T R A C T When intracellular chloride activity (a~t) was monitored with chloride sensitive liquid ion exchanger (CLIX) microelectrodes in Balanus photorecep-tors, replacement of extracellular chloride (C10) by methanesulfonate or glutamate was followed by a rapid but incomplete loss of a~l. When propionate was used as the extracellular anion(More)
Direct light scattering of solar radiation and enhanced cloud albedo due to anthropogenic sulfate aerosol are hypothesized to lead to a shortwave radiative forcing of climate by about-1 W m-2 global average (that is, exerting a cooling influence), comparable but opposite to longwave forcing by anthropogenic greenhouse gases. Inclusion of this forcing in(More)
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