James H. Orf

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Heterodera glycines, the soybean cyst nematode, is a major yield-limiting pathogen in most soybean production areas worldwide. Field populations of H. glycines exhibit diversity in their ability to develop on resistant soybean cultivars. Since 1970, this diversity has been characterized by a bioassay used to assign a race classification to a population. The(More)
A large recombinant inbred population of soybean has been characterized for 220 restriction fragment-length polymorphism (RFLP) markers. Values for agronomic traits also have been measured. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) for height, yield, and maturity were located by their linkage to RFLP markers. QTL controlling large amounts of trait variation were(More)
A major partial-resistance locus to the soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines Ichinohe; SCN) was identified on linkage group ‘G’ of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] using restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). This locus explained 51.4% (LOD=10.35) of the total phenotypic variation in disease response in soybean Plant Introduction (PI)(More)
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is the single largest source of protein in animal feed. However, a major limitation of soy proteins is their deficiency in sulfur-containing amino acids, methionine (Met) and cysteine (Cys). The objective of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with Met and Cys concentration in soybean seed. To(More)
Seeds of 102 lines of Glycine max (L.) Merr., the soybean, were screened quantitatively for the presence of the 120,000-dalton soybean lectin. Wide variation in the content of this lectin was noted, and five lines of soybean whose seed totally lacked the lectin were identified. Roots of all five lines were effectively nodulated by several strains of(More)
Mutagenized populations have become indispensable resources for introducing variation and studying gene function in plant genomics research. In this study, fast neutron (FN) radiation was used to induce deletion mutations in the soybean (Glycine max) genome. Approximately 120,000 soybean seeds were exposed to FN radiation doses of up to 32 Gray units to(More)
The soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] chlorophyll-deficient line MinnGold is a spontaneous mutant characterized by yellow foliage. Map-based cloning and transgenic complementation revealed that the mutant phenotype is caused by a nonsynonymous nucleotide substitution in the third exon of a Mg-chelatase subunit gene (ChlI1a) on chromosome 13. This gene was(More)
We identified QTL associated with protein and amino acids in a soybean mapping population that was grown in five environments. These QTL could be used in MAS to improve these traits. Soybean, rather than nitrogen-containing forages, is the primary source of quality protein in feed formulations for domestic swine, poultry, and dairy industries. As a sole(More)
One of the goals of plant breeding is to increase yield with improved quality characters. Plant introductions (PI) are a rich source of favorable alleles that could improve different characters in modern soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merril] including yield. The objectives of this study were to identify yield QTL underlying the genetic basis for differential(More)
Soybean quantitative trait loci for ozone response. Ground-level ozone reduces yield in crops such as soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Phenotypic variation has been observed for this trait in multiple species; however, breeding for ozone tolerance has been limited. A recombinant inbred population was developed from soybean genotypes differing in tolerance(More)