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GB virus C (GBV-C) is a common, apparently nonpathogenic human flavivirus that has been associated in some studies with prolonged survival in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive persons. There are 5 distinct GBV-C genotypes localized to specific geographic regions, and genotype 2 has been previously shown to inhibit HIV replication in vitro in(More)
Broadly neutralizing Abs to HIV-1 are well described; however, identification of Ags that elicit these Abs has proven difficult. Persistent infection with GB virus type C (GBV-C) is associated with prolonged survival in HIV-1-infected individuals, and among those without HIV-1 viremia, the presence of Ab to GBV-C glycoprotein E2 is also associated with(More)
GB virus type C (GBV-C) is a human flavivirus that may cause persistent infection, although most infected individuals clear viremia and develop antibodies to the envelope glycoprotein E2. To study GBV-C E2 antigenicity and cell binding, murine anti-E2 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were evaluated to topologically map immunogenic sites on GBV-C E2 and for the(More)
The addition of GB virus C (GBV-C) E2 protein to cells inhibits HIV replication in vitro, presumably triggered by interactions with a specific cellular receptor. Indirect evidence suggests that CD81 is the GBV-C E2 cellular receptor. We found that E2 binding to cells was not dependent upon human CD81, and that soluble CD81 did not compete with GBV-C E2 for(More)
Clinical outcome in ovarian carcinoma is predicted by progesterone receptor status, indicating an endocrine aspect to this disease. Peripheral leucocyte genomic DNAs were obtained from 41 patients with primary ovarian carcinoma and 83 controls from Ireland, as well as from 26 primary ovarian carcinoma patients and 101 controls in Germany. Southern analysis(More)
Hepatitis G virus (HGV or GB-C virus) is a newly described virus that is closely related to hepatitis C virus (HCV). Based on sequence analysis and by evaluation of translational initiation codon preferences utilized during in vitro translation, HGV appears to have a truncated or absent core protein at the amino terminus of the HGV polyprotein.(More)
Recombinant baculoviruses were constructed which contained the hepatitis A virus (HAV) open reading frame (ORF) under the control of the polyhedrin promoter. Northern blot analysis with an HAV-specific oligonucleotide probe demonstrated a single transcript large enough to include the HAV ORF in Spodoptera frugiperda cells infected with these recombinants.(More)
GB virus type C (GBV-C) is an apparently nonpathogenic virus that replicates in T and B lymphocytes and is a common cause of persistent human infection. Among HIV-1-infected individuals, persistent coinfection with GBV-C is associated with prolonged survival, and infection of blood mononuclear cells or CD4+ T cells with GBV-C and HIV in vitro results in(More)
GB virus C (GBV-C) is a common, non-pathogenic human virus that infects lymphocytes. Persistent GBV-C infection of humans with coexistent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with prolonged survival, and GBV-C replication inhibits HIV replication in vitro. A GBV-C virus variant was identified in chimpanzees in 1998 and was named(More)
Viral infections alter host cell homeostasis and this may lead to immune evasion and/or interfere with the replication of other microbes in coinfected hosts. Two flaviviruses are associated with a reduction in HIV replication or improved survival in HIV-infected people (dengue virus (DV) and GB virus type C (GBV-C)). GBV-C infection and expression of the(More)