James H. McLinden

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GB virus type C (GBV-C) is a human flavivirus that may cause persistent infection, although most infected individuals clear viremia and develop antibodies to the envelope glycoprotein E2. To study GBV-C E2 antigenicity and cell binding, murine anti-E2 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) were evaluated to topologically map immunogenic sites on GBV-C E2 and for the(More)
Clinical outcome in ovarian carcinoma is predicted by progesterone receptor status, indicating an endocrine aspect to this disease. Peripheral leucocyte genomic DNAs were obtained from 41 patients with primary ovarian carcinoma and 83 controls from Ireland, as well as from 26 primary ovarian carcinoma patients and 101 controls in Germany. Southern analysis(More)
BACKGROUND GBV-C infection is associated with prolonged survival in HIV-infected people and GBV-C inhibits HIV replication in co-infection models. Expression of the GBV-C nonstructural phosphoprotein 5A (NS5A) decreases surface levels of the HIV co-receptor CXCR4, induces the release of SDF-1 and inhibits HIV replication in Jurkat CD4+ T cell lines. (More)
Viral infections alter host cell homeostasis and this may lead to immune evasion and/or interfere with the replication of other microbes in coinfected hosts. Two flaviviruses are associated with a reduction in HIV replication or improved survival in HIV-infected people (dengue virus (DV) and GB virus type C (GBV-C)). GBV-C infection and expression of the(More)
GB virus C (GBV-C) is a common, non-pathogenic human virus that infects lymphocytes. Persistent GBV-C infection of humans with coexistent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with prolonged survival, and GBV-C replication inhibits HIV replication in vitro. A GBV-C virus variant was identified in chimpanzees in 1998 and was named(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) load is suppressed during dengue virus infection. The NS5A phosphoprotein of GB virus C (a related flavivirus) inhibits HIV replication in vitro. To determine whether the dengue virus NS5 protein inhibits HIV replication, CD4(+) T cell lines expressing this protein were generated. HIV replication in dengue virus(More)
T cell receptor (TCR) signaling is required for T-cell activation, proliferation, differentiation, and effector function. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with impaired T-cell function leading to persistent viremia, delayed and inconsistent antibody responses, and mild immune dysfunction. Although multiple factors appear to contribute to(More)
Some retrospective studies suggest an association between infection with GB virus-C (GBV-C) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We evaluated this association prospectively in a nested case-control study within the U.S. Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial. Cases (N = 658) and controls (N = 1,316) were individually matched by age,(More)
Among human RNA viruses, hepatitis C virus (HCV) is unusual in that it causes persistent infection in the majority of infected people. To establish persistence, HCV evades host innate and adaptive immune responses by multiple mechanisms. Recent studies identified virus genome-derived small RNAs (vsRNAs) in HCV-infected cells; however, their biological(More)
Recommended Citation Chivero, Ernest Tafara. "Tropism of human pegivirus (formerly known as GB virus C) and host immunomodulation : insights into viral persistence. ii To my family iii Change your thoughts and you change your world Norman Vincent Peale iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS First, I thank my parents and family for continuous support, advice and sacrifices that(More)