James H. Horton

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BACKGROUND Despite notable technical advances in therapy for malignant gliomas during the past decade, improved patient survival has not been clearly documented, suggesting that pretreatment prognostic factors influence outcome more than minor modifications in therapy. Age, performance status, and tumor histopathology have been identified as the(More)
PURPOSE The influence of tumor site, size, and extent of surgery on the survival of patients with glioblastoma multiforme treated on three consecutive prospectively randomized Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trials employing surgery and irradiation plus or minus chemotherapy was studied. METHODS AND MATERIALS Six hundred forty-five patients with a(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the sentinel lymph node(s) (SLN[s]) (the first node[s] draining the primary tumor in the regional lymphatic basin) in patients with invasive breast cancer and to test the hypothesis that the histologic characteristics of the SLN predict the histologic characteristics of the remaining lymph nodes in the axilla. DESIGN A prospective(More)
PURPOSE Clinical reports suggest that many breast cancer patients experience persistent fatigue as a long-term side effect of adjuvant chemotherapy treatment. To investigate this issue further, we examined the characteristics and correlates of fatigue in women who had completed adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer and in a comparison group of women with(More)
This study investigated the characteristics, course, and correlates of fatigue in women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. Fifty-four patients were assessed before the start of chemotherapy and during the first three treatment cycles. An age-matched sample of women with no cancer history was assessed at similar time intervals for comparison(More)
Recently, the RTOG and ECOG concluded a joint randomized study on malignant gliomas that was in progress for the past five years. A total of 626 patients entered this protocol. Sixty-seven percent of the 535 evaluable patients have died and thus this represents a preliminary report of a major joint clinical trial. The objective of this study was to evaluate(More)
The prognostic effect of weight loss prior to chemotherapy was analyzed using data from 3,047 patients enrolled in 12 chemotherapy protocols of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group. The frequency of weight loss ranged from 31 percent for favorable non-Hodgkin's lymphoma to 87 percent in gastric cancer. Median survival was significantly shorter in nine(More)
The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) conducted a phase III trial in patients with malignant gliomas to evaluate 4 treatment arms: 1) 60 Gy to the whole brain; 2) 60 Gy plus 10-Gy boost; 3) 60 Gy plus carmustine (BCNU); and 4) 60 Gy plus semustine plus dacarbazine. Between September 1974 and March(More)
Instilled bleomycin and thoracostomy were utilized in 38 patients with malignant pleural effusions; the therapy produced a complete or partial response rate of 63%. Toxicity was minimal. In patients with intraperitoneal effusions, bleomycin instillation after drainage produced a complete or partial response in 36%. One patient had severe hypotension and(More)