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A review of all reports in the literature of parathyroid carcinoma (PTC) was undertaken to define an optimal management strategy for this rare condition. PTC is uncommon and its etiology of PTC is largely unknown although patients with familial hyperparathyroidism, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 and irradiation to the head and neck are at increased(More)
We have reviewed 30 reports of Merkel cell tumour and described a further five cases in order to establish a database and from this more clearly define the biology of this tumour, prognostic factors that govern outcome, and optimal management. After excision alone of the primary lesion, local recurrence occurred in 39 per cent of patients and regional(More)
Three cases of histologically confirmed neutropenic enterocolitis, each presenting as an acute abdomen in patients with leukaemia are presented. All three patients presented with fever and abdominal pain within 14 days of completing a course of chemotherapy. Signs of peritonitis localized to the right iliac fossa developed in each patient, in spite of(More)
Despite intensive hydatid control measures in New Zealand, hepatopulmonary fistula resulting from infection by the echinococcus granulosus still occurs. Although the patients may quickly become debilitated from coughing bile and pus and associated septic complications, appropriate surgical therapy is usually effective. The exact diagnosis may be obscure,(More)
The rates of glycerol and free fatty acid (FFA) kinetics in normal volunteers (VOL), non-weight-losing (NWL) gastrointestinal cancer patients, weight-losing (WL) gastrointestinal cancer patients, and in severely septic patients, using constant infusions of d-glycerol and 1-13C palmitic acid; were determined. Rates of FFA oxidation have also been(More)
We have retrospectively reviewed the case notes of 208 patients undergoing either cervical, axillary, or inguinal lymphadenectomy with a view to determining the factors that predispose to complications and local recurrence. The most frequent complications were wound infection, seroma formation, paraesthesiae and lymphoedema. The main predisposing factor for(More)
The effect of gram-negative sepsis on the kinetics and oxidation of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) fatty acids was assessed in conscious dogs in the normal state and 24 h after infusion of live Escherichia coli. VLDL, labeled with [2-3H]glycerol and [1-14C]palmitic acid, was used to trace VLDL kinetics and oxidation, and [1-13C]palmitic acid bound to(More)
In vivo effects of 300-min infusions of recombinant insulinlike growth factor I (IGF-I) and IGF-II on glucose and protein metabolism have been investigated in awake, fasted lambs. Two doses of recombinant human (rh) IGF-I were infused: 6.7 nmol/kg.h, which induced hypoglycemia, and 2.0 nmol/kg.h, which did not. The effects were compared with an insulin(More)
Rates of whole body protein synthesis and catabolism in normal volunteers and in a group of severely septic patients were isotopically determined. In addition, the effect in the patients of either glucose infusion or total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on protein dynamics was assessed. The basal rate of net protein catabolism (NPC) was significantly higher in(More)
The kinetic interactions among glucose, alanine, and urea metabolism were studied in both normal volunteers and in patients with sepsis by means of a primed, constant infusion of stable isotopes. In the normal volunteers, infusion of glucose at 4 mg/kg/min suppressed total glucose production, the rate of gluconeogenesis from alanine, and the production of(More)