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Potassium channels play a key role in the regulation of membrane excitability. We investigated the gene expression response of the Kv4.2 subtype of potassium channel, in the rat hippocampus, to a brief (5 min) episode of kainic acid-induced seizures. Our results demonstrate that Kv4.2 expression is reduced in the granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus at 3(More)
Mutations in the MeCP2 gene cause Rett syndrome, a neurologic condition affecting primarily young girls. To gain insight into the normal function of MeCP2, we examined its temporal and spatial expression patterns, and immunoreactive prevalence, during late embryonic and perinatal brain development. MeCP2 mRNA was detected in most regions of the developing(More)
Rett syndrome is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the gene encoding the transcriptional repressor methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Here we demonstrate that the Mecp2-null mouse model of Rett syndrome shows an age-dependent impairment in hippocampal CA1 long-term potentiation induced by tetanic or theta-burst stimulation.(More)
Rett syndrome is an autism-spectrum disorder caused by loss of function mutations within the gene encoding methyl CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2). While subtle decreases in synaptic plasticity have been detected within cortical and hippocampal neurons of Mecp2-null mice, only minimal information exists regarding how the loss of MeCP2 affects network activity(More)
We investigated the hypothesis that the Ca2+-activated protease calpain is involved in the pathophysiology of spinal cord injury, and is linked to the proteolytic degradation of cytoskeletal proteins. We report here that levels of calpain I (mu-calpain)-mediated spectrin breakdown products are increased by 15 min post-injury, with peak levels reached by 2 h(More)
Rett syndrome is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding the methyl DNA-binding factor MeCP2. As brain mass and neuronal complexity tend to be diminished in Rett patients, we tested whether MeCP2 directly influences the morphological complexity of developing neurons. Our results show that cultured mouse neurons overexpressing MeCP2beta(More)
The authors investigated the gene expression of the NR2A and NR2B subunits of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor and the functional electrophysiologic activity of NMDA receptor complexes in the vulnerable CA1 and less vulnerable dentate gyrus subfields of the rat hippocampus at different times after transient cerebral ischemia. Decreased expression for(More)
We investigated the gene expression levels, the immunoreactive protein prevalence, and the functional activity of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complexes at early times after severe global ischemia challenge in rats. The mRNA expression levels for the NR2A and NR2B subunits of NMDA receptors changed to different degrees within different subregions of(More)
In this study, we tested whether over-expressing the GABA(B) receptor R1a subtype in transgenic mouse forebrain neurons would be sufficient to induce spontaneous absence seizures. As hypothesized, these transgenic mice develop spontaneous, recurrent, bilaterally synchronous, 3-6 Hz slow spike and wave discharges between 2 and 4 months of age. These(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), now referred to as VEGF-A, plays a significant role in blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown and angiogenesis after brain injury. In this study, VEGF-A expression was compared with that of VEGF-B in the rat cortical cold injury model over a period of 6 hours to 6 days post-injury.(More)