James H. Deford

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Recent landmark molecular genetic studies have identified an evolutionarily conserved insulin/IGF-1 signal transduction pathway that regulates lifespan. In C. elegans, Drosophila, and rodents, attenuated insulin/IGF-1 signaling appears to regulate lifespan and enhance resistance to environmental stress. The Ames (Prop1 df/df ) and Snell (Pit1 dw/dw )(More)
Several murine models demonstrate that mammalian longevity can be increased by single gene mutations affecting endocrine signalling, particularly via the GH/IGF-1 axis. In this study, we identify age-independent patterns of hepatic gene expression characteristic of long-lived Snell (Pit1(dw/dwJ)) dwarf mice. Comparative microarray analysis of young and aged(More)
Creatine kinase catalyzes the reversible transfer of the gamma phosphate from ATP to creatine forming the high energy compound creatine phosphate. Muscle creatine kinase (CKm) activity maintains energetic homeostasis as variations in energy requirements dictate that ATP be readily available. Recent studies suggest that CKm activity is altered during aging.(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a target for endogenously generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) during aging. We have previously shown that the ER chaperones, protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) and immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein (BiP), are oxidatively modified within the livers of aged mice. In this study we assess the functional consequences(More)
Age-associated mitochondrial dysfunction is a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative modification to proteins. Mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) complexes I and III are the sites of ROS production and we hypothesize that proteins of the ETC complexes are primary targets of ROS-mediated modification which impairs their(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy and remodelling in chagasic disease might be associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. In the present study, we characterized the cardiac metabolic responses to Trypanosoma cruzi infection and progressive disease severity using a custom-designed mitoarray (mitochondrial function-related gene array). Mitoarrays consisting of known,(More)
Mutations in Caenorhabditis elegans and mice have identified candidate genes that increase their lifespan via hormonal signal transduction, i.e. the insulin/IGF-1-like pathway. In this study we propose that longevity of the Snell dwarf (Pit1(dw)/Pit1(dw)) mouse is associated with a decrease of the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway caused by the Pit1 mutation.(More)
The age-associated decline in tissue function has been attributed to ROS-mediated oxidative damage due to mitochondrial dysfunction. The long-lived Ames dwarf mouse exhibits resistance to oxidative stress, a physiological characteristic of longevity. It is not known, however, whether there are differences in the electron transport chain (ETC) functions in(More)
Aging is associated with a loss of cellular homeostasis, a decline in physiological function and an increase in various pathologies. Employing a meta-analysis, hepatic gene expression profiles from four independent mouse aging studies were interrogated. There was little overlap in the number of genes or canonical pathways perturbed, suggesting that(More)
Recent evidence indicates that the GH/IGF-I axis plays a key role in the control of aging and longevity. To better understand this biological relationship we examined the mRNA and corresponding protein levels of primary IGF-I axis genes in the livers of young and aged long-lived Snell dwarf mice relative to their age-matched controls. We demonstrated that(More)