Adenosine is now recognized as an important endogenous modulator of neuronal excitability in the mammalian central nervous system. Adenosine is produced and released in the brain, where it exerts potent depressant effects on neuronal firing and synaptic transmission. Multiple adenosine receptor subtypes have been characterized using biochemical,… (More)
Ethanol in vitro increased the fluidity of spin-labeled membranes from normal mice. Membranes from mice that had been subjected to long-term ethanol treatment were relatively resistant to this fluidizing effect. The data suggest that the membranes themselves had adapted to the drug, a novel form of drug tolerance.
Amyloid beta (Abeta) protein, a 39-43 amino acid peptide deposited in brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD), has been shown to interact directly with a number of receptor targets including neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) and glutamate receptors. In this study, we investigated the synaptic effects of Abeta(1-42) on… (More)
Beta-amyloid, a 39-43 amino acid peptide, may exert its biological effects via neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. Using the ratiometric dye, fura-2, we examined the effect of soluble beta-amyloid(1-42) on the concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in acutely dissociated rat basal forebrain neurons. Focal applications of nicotine… (More)
Phosphatase and actin regulators (Phactrs) are a novel family of proteins expressed in the brain, and they exhibit both strong modulatory activity of protein phosphatase 1 and actin-binding activity. Phactrs are comprised of four family members (Phactr1-4), but their detailed expression patterns during embryonic and postnatal development are not well… (More)
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) is an endogenous opioid-like heptadecapeptide that plays an important role in a variety of physiological functions. N/OFQ and its receptor opioid receptor-like orphan receptor-1 are abundant in the diagonal band of Broca (DBB), a basal forebrain nucleus where the loss of cholinergic neurons is linked to memory and spatial… (More)
Calcium ions are important regulators of a wide range of cellular functions . These include stimulus response events such as muscle contraction and the release of hormones and neurotransmitters, as well as the regulation of enzyme activities, transport phenomena, and membrane permeabilities. Moreover. calcium has been implicated in the modulation of… (More)
Blunted cAMP responses to beta-adrenergic agonists play a major role in diminished smooth muscle relaxation in blood vessels from older animals, although the mechanisms remain uncertain. A diminished cAMP response could potentially arise from changes in the expression of adenylyl cyclase-coupled G proteins, such as a diminished expression of Gs or an… (More)