James H. Chandler

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Electrochemical and electrical characteristics have the potential to help differentiate between, and assess the health state of, different biological tissues. However, measurement and interpretation of these characteristics is non-trivial. We propose a new DC galvanostatic sensing method for application to laparoscopic cancer surgery. This presents a simple(More)
The assessment of tissue compliance using a handheld tool is an important skill in medical areas such as laparoscopic and dental surgery. The increasing prevalence of virtual reality devices raises the question of whether we can exploit these systems to accelerate the training of compliance discrimination in trainee surgeons. We used a haptic feedback(More)