James Goulding

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Lexical ambiguity in query-based image retrieval is an immemorial problem which has seemingly resisted all countermeasures. In this paper we introduce a methodology that expresses the users of a system and their navigational behaviour as the paramount resource for resolving query term ambiguity. Mass user consensus is modelled within a multi-dimensional(More)
Manual hypertext construction is labour intensive and prone to error. Robust systems capable of automatic hypertext generation (AHG) could be of direct benefit to those individuals responsible for hypertext authoring. In this paper we propose a novel technique for the autonomous creation of hypertext which is dependent upon <i>language models</i>. This work(More)
ZigZag is a paradigm of hypermedia that consists of a multidimensional system of principled interconnections. Its basic features and specifications are now well known, but despite this, very few practical applications have been described or discussed. This paper examines two projects as case studies. These projects both use the unique properties of ZigZag(More)
Autonomous authoring tools are routinely used to expedite the translation of large document collections into functioning hypertexts. They are also used to add hyperlinks to pre-existing hypertext structures. In this survey we describe a taxonomy of autonomous hypertext authoring tools. The classification of any given system is determined by the type and(More)
—It has been recently claimed that human movement is highly predictable. While an upper bound of 93% predictability was shown, this was based upon human movement trajectories of very high spatiotemporal granularity. Recent studies reduced this spatiotemporal granularity down to the level of GPS data, and under a similar methodology results once again(More)
Previous work on the Daily Car-Pooling problem includes an algorithm that consists of greedy assignment alternating with random perturbation. In this study, we examine the effect of varying the move acceptance policy, specifically Late-acceptance criteria with and without reheating. Late acceptance-based move acceptance criteria were chosen because there is(More)
The following paper outlines the methodology and preliminary results for an experiment designed to understand the accuracy of visibility models when used in the field by a mobile media consumption app called Zapp. Levels of accuracy are determined in relation to points of interest that can be seen from random sites within the University of Nottingham's(More)
Neighbourhoods have been described by the UK Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government as the "building blocks of public service society". Despite this, difficulties in data collection combined with the concept's subjective nature have left most countries lacking official neighbourhood definitions. This issue has implications not only for(More)
The positioning datasets that underpin route prediction models arrive as time series or point process logs. However, their use for prediction requires them to be split into meaningful segments, conceptualised as travelling periods or 'journeys', to form a set of training inputs. Despite significant research into route prediction, this important(More)