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Atmospheric ensemble and ad joint systems can provide valuable insight into the practical limitations of our ability to predict the path of tropical cyclones and their strength. An ensemble forecast system can be used to address tropical cyclone forecast uncertainty. An ad joint model can be used for the efficient and rigorous computation of numerical(More)
This Topic includes developments related to uni-and multi-model ensemble forecasting, data assimilation, and model developments as they relate to forecasts of tropical cyclone (TC) track. The TC track forecast is a critical component of the warning system, as it serves as the basis for forecasting the areas threatened by damaging winds, storm surge, and(More)
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